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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: HIGHER DIPTERA PESTS OF LIVESTOCK, POULTRY, AND HUMAN HEALTH: INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT AND ADULT BIOLOGY

Location: Mosquito and Fly Research Unit

Title: Efficacy and duration of three residual insecticides on cotton duck and vinyl tent surfaces for control of the sand fly Phlebotomus papatasi (Diptera: Psychodidae)

Authors
item Zayed, Abdel -
item Hoel, David -
item El-Wafa, Raham -
item Tageldin, Reham -
item Furman, Barry -
item Hogsette, Jerome
item Bernier, Ulrich

Submitted to: Army Medical Department Journal
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: January 18, 2013
Publication Date: April 1, 2013
Citation: Zayed, A., Hoel, D.F., El-Wafa, R.A., Tageldin, R.A., Furman, B.D., Hogsette, Jr, J.A., Bernier, U.R. 2013. Efficacy and duration of three residual insecticides on cotton duck and vinyl tent surfaces for control of the sand fly Phlebotomus papatasi (Diptera: Psychodidae). Army Medical Department Journal. Pg.66-72.

Interpretive Summary: Many military tents are made of vinyl and cotton duck. Because it is useful to treat exterior tent surfaces to manage sand flies, DoD and ARS scientists from the Center for Medical, Agricultural and Veterinary Entomology in Gainesville, FL, evaluated 3 residual insecticides on both fabrics. P. papatasi was effectively killed by shade-stored and sun-exposed '-cyhalothrin-treated cotton duck for 8 months and 1 month, respectively, and by shade-stored permethrin- and bifenthrin-treated cotton duck for 5 months. Pesticides applied to vinyl fabrics provided control of = 50% for < 1 month. Overall, '-cyhalothrin provided the best control for the longest period on both tent fabrics.

Technical Abstract: Many military tents are made of vinyl and cotton duck. Because it is useful to treat exterior tent surfaces to manage phlebotomine sand flies, DoD and ARS scientists evaluated the efficacy of 3 residual insecticides on both tent fabrics. P. papatasi was effectively killed by shade-stored and sun-exposed '-cyhalothrin-treated cotton duck for 8 months and 1 month, respectively, and by shade-stored permethrin- and bifenthrin-treated cotton duck for 5 months. Pesticides applied to vinyl tent fabrics provided control of = 50% for < 1 month. Overall, '-cyhalothrin provided the best control for the longest period on both fabrics.

Last Modified: 10/24/2014
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