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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: Improved Control of Stripe Rust in Cereal Crops

Location: Wheat Genetics, Quality Physiology and Disease Research

Title: Registration of ‘Babe’ wheat

Authors
item Kidwell, K. -
item Shelton, G. -
item Demacon, V. -
item Chen, Xianming
item Guy, S. -
item Kuehner, J. -
item Baik, B. -
item Engle, Douglas
item Bosque-Perez, N. -

Submitted to: Journal of Plant Registrations
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: December 29, 2011
Publication Date: March 19, 2012
Citation: Kidwell, K.K., Shelton, G.B., Demacon, V.L., Chen, X., Guy, S.O., Kuehner, J.S., Baik, B.K., Engle, D.A., Bosque-Perez, N.A. 2012. Registration of ‘Babe’ wheat. Journal of Plant Registrations. 6:156-160.

Interpretive Summary: Soft white wheat is the predominant market class of wheat produced in the Pacific Northwest of the United States. Stripe rust is a major foliar fungal disease problem for wheat cultivars grown in the region. The objective of this research was to develop an adapted soft white spring wheat cultivar with durable resistance to stripe rust. ‘Babe’ soft white spring wheat was developed and released in April 2009 by the Agricultural Research Center of Washington State University. Babe is an intermediate-height, semidwarf cultivar adapted to the intermediate-to-high rainfall (>380 mm average annual precipitation), nonirrigated wheat-production regions of Washington. Babe was released based on its (i) partial resistance to the Hessian fly, (ii) high-temperature, adult-plant resistance to local races of stripe rust, (iii) high grain-volume weight, and (iv) high grain-yield potential in the target production region. Babe has similar or better end-use quality properties than other soft white spring cultivars currently in commercial production.

Technical Abstract: Soft white wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) is the predominant market class of wheat produced in the Pacific Northwest of the United States. Stripe rust (caused by Puccinia striiformis Westend f. sp. tritici) is a major foliar fungal disease problem for wheat cultivars grown in the region. The objective of this research was to develop an adapted soft white spring wheat cultivar with durable resistance to stripe rust. ‘Babe’ (Reg. No. CV-1071, PI 656791) soft white spring wheat was developed and released in April 2009 by the Agricultural Research Center of Washington State University. Babe was tested under the experimental designations SW01003, S0400016, and WA008039, which were assigned during progressive generations of advancement. Babe is an intermediate-height, semidwarf cultivar adapted to the intermediate-to-high rainfall (>380 mm average annual precipitation), nonirrigated wheat-production regions of Washington. Babe was released based on its (i) partial resistance to the Hessian fly [Mayetiola destructor (Say)], (ii) high-temperature, adult-plant resistance to local races of stripe rust (infection type 0–3), (iii) high grain-volume weight, and (iv) high grain-yield potential in the target production region. Babe has similar or better end-use quality properties than other soft white spring cultivars currently in commercial production.

Last Modified: 4/18/2014
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