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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: Integrated Approach to the Detection and Control of Foodborne Parasites and the Impact on Food Safety

Location: Animal Parasitic Diseases

Title: Serological survey of dogs from Egypt for antibodies to Leishmania spp.

item Rosypal, Alexa
item Bowman, Shanae
item Epps, Samuel
item El Behairy, Ahmed
item Hillali, Moussad
item Dubey, Jitender

Submitted to: Journal of Parasitology
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: August 30, 2012
Publication Date: February 1, 2013
Citation: Rosypal, A.C., Bowman, S.S., Epps, S.A., El Behairy, A.M., Hillali, M., Dubey, J.P. 2013. Serological survey of dogs from Egypt for antibodies to Leishmania spp.. Journal of Parasitology. 99:170-171.

Interpretive Summary: Leishmania, Toxoplasma, and Neospora are related single-celled parasites that cause clinical disease in livestock and companion animals. Differential diagnosis of these infections is difficult because these parasites have shared antigens. In the present study, the authors detected Leishmania antibodies in 10 of 50 dogs from Giza, Egypt, but found no cross- reactivity wth the Toxoplasma and Neospora modified agglutination test. The results will be of interest to biologists, parasitologists, and veterinarians.

Technical Abstract: Leishmaniasis is an insect-transmitted parasitic disease with worldwide distribution. Leishmania spp. infections cause a broad spectrum of clinical signs ranging from skin lesions to fatal visceral disease. Dogs are a major reservoir host for visceral leishmaniasis in humans. Leishmaniasis is endemic in the Middle East and North Africa, but little is known concerning canine Leishmania spp. infections in Egypt. Blood samples were collected from 50 stray dogs in Giza, Egypt. Canine sera were tested for antibodies to visceralizing Leishmania spp. by commercial immunochromatographic strip assays based on recombinant antigen K39. Antibodies to Leishmania spp. were found in 5 of 50 (10%) of dogs tested from Egypt. Results from this study indicate that stray dogs are exposed to visceralizing Leishmania spp. in Egypt.

Last Modified: 9/1/2015
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