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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: WATER QUALITY IMPROVEMENT FROM MANAGEMENT PRACTICES IN AGRICULTURAL WATERSHEDS Title: Occurrence and movement of antibiotic resistant bacxteria, in tile-drained agricultural fields receiving swine manure

Authors
item Garder, Jason -
item Soupir, Michelle -
item Moorman, Thomas

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: July 29, 2012
Publication Date: July 29, 2012
Citation: Garder, J., Soupir, M., Moorman, T.B. 2012. Occurrence and movement of antibiotic resistant bacxteria, in tile-drained agricultural fields receiving swine manure [abstract]. Paper No. 121337460.

Technical Abstract: The use of tylosin at subtherapeutic levels by the swine industry provides selective pressure for the development of antibiotic resistance in gastrointestinal bacteria. The land application of swine manure to drained agricultural fields might accelerate the transport of pathogen indicators such as enterococci as well as antibiotic-resistant bacteria. The objective of this study was to develop an understanding of the occurrence and transport of antibiotic-resistant enterococci in tile-drained chisel plow and no-till agricultural fields that have received multi-year application of liquid swine manure through injection. Enterococci resistance to tylosin in manure, soil and water samples was investigated phenotypically and compared with samples from control plots treated with urea and ammonium nitrate (UAN). The analysis found that 70% of the enterococci in manure samples were resistant to tylosin. Concentrations of enterococci in tile water were low, and only exceeded the geometric mean for recreational waters nine times, with 33% of these exceedences occurring in tile flow from the control plots. The results of this study indicate that the occurrence of tylosin-resistant enterococci in tile water is low, found in only 16% of samples, in both control plots and plots receiving fall manure application.

Last Modified: 9/20/2014
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