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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: Safe Management and Use of Manure, Biosolids, and Industrial Byproducts

Location: Genetics and Precision Agriculture Research

Title: Combining nitrogen fertilizer with poultry litter in a binary mixture of tall fescue and bermudagrass

Authors
item Read, John
item Adeli, Ardeshir
item Lang, David -

Submitted to: Agronomy Abstracts
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: April 19, 2012
Publication Date: October 21, 2012
Citation: Read, J.J., Adeli, A., Lang, D.E. 2012. Combining nitrogen fertilizer with poultry litter in a binary mixture of tall fescue and bermudagrass [abstract]. Agronomy Abstracts. http://scisoc.confex.com/scisoc/2012am/webprogram/Paper72875.html.

Technical Abstract: A common problem when poultry litter is applied to pastures in the southeastern USA is the buildup of soil P because of the difference in N-P-K ratio of the litter and plant requirements. This 2-yr study tested the theory that if the N requirement of a tall fescue-bermudagrass binary mixture is only partially met by poultry litter, application of fertilizer N would stimulate growth to remove excess soil P and other nutrients. A small-plot study combined 8.9 Mg ha-1 litter with 150 kg ha-1 N, using split applications of each N source at various times of the year in order to create differential fertilizer management treatments of ‘Fescue biased’ (autumn-winter), ‘Bermudagrass bias’ (spring) and ‘Optimum management’ (winter-spring). In each of four replicated blocks, three plots of hybrid bermudagrass were overseeded with ‘Jesup MaxQ’ tall fescue (summer-active) and three plots were overseeded with ‘Flecha-542’ (winter-active). Biomass yield and uptake of nutrients were determined at two spring harvests of fescue chiefly and three summer harvests of bermudagrass chiefly. Forage nutritive quality was determined at three harvest dates. Results will be discussed in relation to N availability of poultry litter, soil and plant P concentrations, and how to best integrate organic and inorganic fertilizers in a year-round forage production system.

Last Modified: 4/18/2014