SUSTAINABLE VINEYARD PRODUCTION SYSTEMS
Location: Crops Pathology and Genetics Research
Title: Identification of tree-crop rootstocks with resistance to Armillaria root disease.
Submitted to: American Phytopathological Society Abstracts
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: August 15, 2012
Publication Date: August 15, 2012
Citation: Baumgartner, K., Fujiyoshi, P.T., Kluepfel, D.A., Browne, G.T., Leslie, C. 2012. Identification of tree-crop rootstocks with resistance to Armillaria root disease.. American Phytopathological Society Abstracts. 23-0.
Armillaria root disease attacks a broad range of tree crops in California. Instead of re-tooling ineffective conventional controls, namely soil fumigation, we focused on identification of Armillaria-resistant Juglans rootstocks, as part of a collaborative project to identify rootstocks with resistance to several major root pathogens. Plants were grown in a standard tissue-culture medium, which supports both the plant and pathogen. This approach overcame the obstacles of greenhouse inoculations by eliminating escapes and facilitating repeatable mortality starting at 3 weeks post-inoculation. Rootstocks were challenged with three A. mellea strains in three experiments. We inoculated paradox hybrids (J. regia x black walnut; AX1, PX1, RX1, RR4-11A, Vlach, and VX211), Northern California black walnut (J. hindsii) ‘W17’, English walnut (J. regia) ‘Chandler’, and relative Pterocarya stenoptera ‘WNxW’. At 2 months post-inoculation, AX1, PX1, and RX1 exhibited the lowest percent mortality for all strains of A. mellea in all three experiments (10, 31, and 34%, respectively; n = 99 observations). The most susceptible to A. mellea infection were VX211, W17, and WNxW (70, 86, and 94%, respectively). Applications of these findings to the field are difficult to evaluate, due to inconsistent observations and poor design of past field trials. As such, we are establishing additional inoculations in both the lab and field to help validate our infection assay.