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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: NOVEL TECHNOLOGIES FOR PRODUCING RENEWABLE CHEMICALS AND POLYMERS FROM CARBOHYDRATES DERIVED FROM AGRICULTURAL FEEDSTOCKS

Location: Renewable Product Technology Research Unit

Title: Glucansucrases from lactic acid bacteria which produce water-insoluble polysaccharides from sucrose

Authors
item Cote, Gregory
item Skory, Christopher

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: August 23, 2012
Publication Date: August 23, 2012
Citation: Cote, G.L., Skory, C.D. 2012. Glucansucrases from lactic acid bacteria which produce water-insoluble polysaccharides from sucrose [abstract]. American Chemical Society. Abstract No. CELL34.

Technical Abstract: Dextrans and related glucans produced from sucrose by lactic acid bacteria have been studied for many years and are used in numerous commercial applications and products. Most of these glucans are water-soluble, except for a few notable exceptions from cariogenic Streptococcus spp. and a very small number of Leuconostoc mesenteroides strains. The ability to produce water-insoluble glucans in situ may be of value in encapsulation technology and in the production of biocompatible films and fibers. To that end, we have cloned an insoluble-glucan producing glucansucrase (DSR-I) from the type strain of L. mesenteroides and studied its activity and some of the properties of its insoluble product. Evidence indicates that the product is either a block or graft copolymer of a-1,3-linked and a-1,6-linked D-glucose units. Mutation of a single amino acid residue that is believed to be critical for acceptor sugar orientation (i.e., oligosaccharide or growing glucan chain) leads to enzymes that produce significantly altered proportions of the two linkage types, with correlating changes in the physical properties of the polysaccharide. How a single enzyme produces a polymer with two different structural domains is intriguing. Although we are still in the early stages of our investigation, we will present preliminary results that may provide some clues.

Last Modified: 10/21/2014
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