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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: ENHANCING SUSTAINABILITY OF FOOD PRODUCTION SYSTEMS IN THE NORTHEAST

Location: New England Plant, Soil and Water Research Laboratory

Title: Effects of microclimate, cropping systems, and irrigation management on early and late blight potential on Russet Burbank potato

Authors
item Olanya, Modesto
item Honeycutt, C Wayne -
item He, Zhongqi
item Larkin, Robert
item Halloran, John
item Frantz, Jonathan

Submitted to: American Society of Agronomy Meetings
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: July 1, 2011
Publication Date: N/A

Technical Abstract: Soil and irrigation management have been used to optimize crop production. However,their effects on microclimate, development, and controls of potato diseases have not been adequately quantified. The effects of soil, crop, and water management on development of potato early blight and late blight were quantified in a potato cropping systems experiment from 2006 to 2008. Microclimate,(soil temp, air temp, relative humidity, soil water content and leaf wetness) was not significantly impacted by cropping systems, and varied within seasons and across years. Irrigation management had little impact on microclimate, suggesting that treatment induced effects were not significant. Early blight incidence, severity, and lesion numbers were, however,impacted by management systems and years. Disease incidence was significantly (P<0.05) greater in Continuous Potato (PP) than Disease Suppressive (DS), Soil Conserving (SC), Soil Improving (SI) and Status Quo (SQ) systems. Due to fungicide applications, no late blight was recorded in field plots, however; the potential for late blight development, based on theoretical late blight indices such as hours of RH>90%, predicted area under disease progress curves (AUDPC), severity values, and blight units, had similar values among cropping systems and water management. Microclimatic variables were not significantly correlated to early blight or late blight potential, perhaps due to the small-scale size of experimental plots and influence of the surrounding environment, or lack of significant treatment effects. This research demonstrated improved management of potato early blight with cropping systems, but no effect on late blight. Nevertheless, cropping systems and irrigation management provide useful tools for the enhanced sustainability of potato production systems.

Last Modified: 4/16/2014
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