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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: GENETICS, POPULATION BIOLOGY, AND HOST-PARASITE INTERACTIONS OF CEREAL RUST FUNGI AND THEIR DISEASES Title: Genetics of resistance to race TTKSK of Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici in Triticum monococcum

Authors
item Rouse, Matthew
item Jin, Yue

Submitted to: Phytopathology
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: June 14, 2011
Publication Date: July 14, 2011
Citation: Rouse, M.N., Jin, Y. 2011. Genetics of resistance to race TTKSK of Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici in Triticum monococcum. Phytopathology. 101:1418-1423.

Interpretive Summary: Stem rust of wheat is caused by the fungus Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici (Pgt). An emerging race of Pgt called race TTKSK (commonly known as Ug99) is virulent on the majority of wheat stem rust resistance genes currently protecting wheat from other races. The identification of new sources of genetic resistance to race TTKSK is necessary to enable the development and deployment of resistant varieties of wheat. Accessions of Triticum monococcum, a wild and cultivated wheat relative, have previously been characterized as resistant to stem rust. The objective of this study was to determine the genetic control and allelic relationships of resistance to race TTKSK in T. monococcum accessions identified through evaluations at the seedling stage. Progeny of 8 crosses between resistant and susceptible accessions and 13 crosses between resistant accessions of T. monococcum were evaluated with race TTKSK and often with North American races including races QFCSC, TTTTF, and MCCFC. We detected at least two genes conferring resistance to race TTKSK that are different from previously identified resistance genes. One of the genes was effective to all races tested. The identification of these genes will facilitate the development of varieties with new resistance to race TTKSK.

Technical Abstract: Race TTKSK (or Ug99) of Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici possesses virulence on several stem rust resistance genes commonly present in wheat cultivars grown worldwide. New variants detected in the race TTKSK lineage further broadened the virulence spectrum. The identification of sources of genetic resistance to race TTKSK and its relatives is necessary to enable the development and deployment of resistant varieties. Accessions of Triticum monococcum, an A-genome diploid wild and cultivated wheat, have previously been characterized as resistant to stem rust. Three resistance genes were identified and introgressed into hexaploid wheat: Sr21, Sr22, and Sr35. The objective of this study was to determine the genetic control and allelic relationships of resistance to race TTKSK in T. monococcum accessions identified through evaluations at the seedling stage. Generation F2 progeny of 8 crosses between resistant and susceptible accessions and 13 crosses between resistant accessions of T. monococcum were evaluated with race TTKSK and often with North American races including races QFCSC, TTTTF, and MCCFC. For a selected population segregating for three genes conferring resistance to race TTKSK, F2:3 progeny were evaluated with races TTKSK, QFCSC, and TTTTF. We detected at least two genes conferring resistance to race TTKSK that are different from Sr21, Sr22, and Sr35. One of the genes was effective to all races tested. The identification of these genes will facilitate the development of varieties with new resistance to race TTKSK.

Last Modified: 12/19/2014
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