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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: FOOT-AND-MOUTH DISEASE VIRUS (FMDV) HOST-PATHOGEN INTERACTIONS

Location: Foreign Animal Disease Research

Title: Role of the Arg56 of the structural protein VP3 of foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) 01 campos in virus virulence

Authors
item Borca, Manuel
item Pacheco-Tobin, Juan
item Holinka, Lauren
item Hartwig, Ethan
item Carrillo, Consuelo -
item Garriga, Damia -
item Kramer, Edward -
item Rodriguez, Luis
item Piccone, Maria -

Submitted to: Virology
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: September 13, 2011
Publication Date: January 1, 2012
Repository URL: http://handle.nal.usda.gov/10113/54224
Citation: Borca, M.V., Pacheco Tobin, J., Holinka-Patterson, L.G., Hartwig, E.J., Carrillo, C., Garriga, D., Kramer, E., Rodriguez, L.L., Piccone, M.E. 2012. Role of the Arg56 of the structural protein VP3 of foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) 01 campos in virus virulence. Virology. (422):37-45.

Interpretive Summary: Foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) is an extremely infectious virus that causes economically important disease in cattle and swine. Several reports indicated that FMDV O1 subtype strains undergo antigenic variation under diverse growth conditions. Of particular interest is the amino acid variation observed at position 56 within the structural protein VP3 (one of the four proteins that form the virus particle). Based upon the amino acid residue at that position (arginine or histidine) is present at this position the virus will have different growth characteristics in cell cutures and, more important different virulence during the infection in susceptible animals. We have constructed two different FMDV type O1 Campos variants differing only at VP3 position 56, possessing either an histidine (H) or arginine (R) (O1Ca-VP3-56H and O1 Ca-VP3-56R, respectively), and characterized their in vitro phenotype and virulence in the natural host. We demonstrated here that virus O1Ca-VP3-56H and O1Ca-VP3-56R had similar growth kinetics in different cell cultures but, in contrast, the viruses displayed significantly different pathogenicities in cattle and swine. The O1Ca-VP3-56H viruses induced typical clinical signs of FMD, whereas O1Ca-VP3-56R viruses were completely nonpathogenic unless they reverted in vivo from the R residue to either. These results indicate that the presence of R at position 56 of the FMDV VP3 protein plays a role in virus attenuation in the natural host.

Technical Abstract: Foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) is an extremely infectious and antigenically diverse picornavirus that causes high incidences of morbidity within naive livestock populations. Several reports indicate that FMDV O1 subtype strains undergo antigenic variation under diverse growth conditions. Of particular interest is the amino acid variation observed at position 56 within the structural protein VP3. Previous studies suggest that selective pressures influence whether arginine or histidine is present at this position, influencing in vitro plaque morphology and in vivo pathogenesis in cattle. Using reverse genetics techniques, we have constructed FMDV type O1 Campos variants differing only at VP3 position 56, possessing either an histidine (H) or arginine (R) (O1Ca-VP3-56H and O1 Ca-VP3-56R, respectively), and characterized their in vitro phenotype and virulence in the natural host. Viruses O1Ca-VP3-56H and O1Ca-VP3-56R had similar growth kinetics in BHK-21 and LF-BK cells and slight differences in plaque size in BHK, LF-BK, IBRS-2 and LK cells. In contrast, the viruses displayed significantly different pathogenicities in cattle and swine. The O1Ca-VP3-56H viruses induced typical clinical signs of FMD, whereas O1Ca-VP3-56R viruses were nonpathogenic unless they reverted in vivo to either H or Cysteine (C). These results indicate that the presence of R at position 56 of the FMDV VP3 protein plays a role in virus attenuation in the natural host.

Last Modified: 9/2/2014
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