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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: SUNFLOWER GERMPLASM DIVERSIFICATION AND CHARACTERIZATION UTILIZING WILD SUNFLOWER SPECIES, CYTOGENETICS, AND APPLIED GENOMICS

Location: Sunflower Research

Title: Present and future plans of the sunflower “Doubled Haploid” project

Authors
item Jan, Chao-Chien
item Qi, Lili
item Hulke, Brent
item Fu, Xuelin -

Submitted to: Sunflower Research Forum
Publication Type: Other
Publication Acceptance Date: January 12, 2011
Publication Date: January 17, 2011
Citation: Jan, C.C., Qi, L., Hulke, B.S., Fu, X. 2011. Present and future plans of the sunflower "Doubled Haploid" project. Sunflower Research Forum, January 12-13, 2011, Fargo, ND. Available: http://www.sunflowernsa.com/research/research-forum-presentations/2011/

Technical Abstract: The "doubled haploid" project started in October, 2010, covering four main approaches: anther culture, microspore culture, use of foreign pollen as inducer, and induced mutation. A set of genetically diverse cultivated lines, wild Helianthus accessions and interspecific amphiploids have been established to provide source material for both anther and microspore culture. Various protocols are being evaluated for their culturing suitability. Cross combinations between cms line and several cultivated lines are being made and the cms F1 plants will be pollinated by pollen of H. tuberosus and safflower accessions in the following season to observe any embryo formation and haploid induction. For the induced mutation approach, pollen of a selected cultivated line will be irradiated by X ray, and used to pollinated onto a selected nuclear male-sterile line in the spring season. The hybrids will be pollinated by a yellow-leaf line this, and the cross progenies will be grown this summer to detect any haploid resulted from mutation.

Last Modified: 9/21/2014
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