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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: MOLECULAR & BIOCHEMICAL DETECTION & INTERVENTION METHODS FOR BACTERIAL AND VIRAL PATHOGENS IN AQUACULTURE PRODUCTS

Location: Food Safety and Intervention Technologies

Title: USDA Food-Borne Virus Research Initiatives at Delaware State University

Author
item Kingsley, David

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: April 9, 2011
Publication Date: N/A

Technical Abstract: The USDA ARS Microbial Safety of Aquaculture Products Center of Excellence located on the campus of Delaware State University is conducting research geared toward; 1) improving detection methods for virus contamination of shellfish; 2) understanding how and why viruses persist within shellfish; and 3) identifying non-thermal methods to eradicate or inactivate viruses from raw shellfish. Recent research findings include demonstration that hepatitis A virus (HAV) and murine norovirus (MNV) can readily persist within oyster hemocytes (blood cells), and demonstration that these hemocytes can be used as a basis for an expedient virus detection method. High pressure processing (HPP) has been identified as a potential method for inactivating food-borne viruses within raw shellfish. Research has demonstrated that HPP can inactivate HAV, MNV, and most recently human norovirus, directly within shellfish.

Last Modified: 7/28/2014
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