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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: AERIAL APPLICATION RESEARCH FOR EFFICIENT CROP PRODUCTION Title: Further evaluation of spray characterization of sprayers typically used in vector control

Authors
item Hoffmann, Wesley
item Walker, Todd -
item Fritz, Bradley
item Farooq, Muhammed -
item Smith, Vincent -
item Robinson, Cathy -
item Lan, Yubin

Submitted to: Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: March 27, 2012
Publication Date: July 2, 2012
Citation: Hoffmann, W.C., Walker, T.W., Fritz, B.K., Farooq, M., Smith, V.L., Robinson, C.A., Lan, Y. 2012. Further evaluation of spray characterization of sprayers typically used in vector control. Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association. 28(2):93-101.

Interpretive Summary: To control insects that vector human diseases, sprayers are often used to apply products that control mosquitoes and flies. The selection and setup of these sprayers significantly affects the level of control achieved during an application. The droplet spectra produced by 18 different ultra-low volume sprayers with oil- and water-based spray solutions were further evaluated to examine the droplet size sprays that resulted across the full operating specifications of the sprayers, namely spray rate and pressure. As the spray rate increased, droplet size also increased. For sprayers whose pressure could be adjusted, as the pressure increased at the same spray rate droplet size decreased. Results from this study allow users of these sprayers to confidently select the sprayer and operational parameters that best fit their application situation.

Technical Abstract: Droplet size spectra from different sprayers used to generate sprays for controlling insects that may vector diseases were measured by a laser diffraction instrument. The objective of this work was to measure the droplet size generated by different sprayers with water- and oil-based spray solutions. Data from 215 replicated spray tests, comprised of 24 sprayers and 2 spray solutions showed a wide range in the droplet size spectra produced. The volume median diameter (DV0.5) measurements ranged from 4-223 µm. The droplet spectra produced by 18 different ULV sprayers with oil- and water-based spray solutions were further evaluated to examine the droplet size sprays that resulted across the full operating specifications of the sprayers, namely spray rate and pressure. As the spray rate increased, droplet size also increased. For sprayers whose pressure could be adjusted, as the pressure increased at the same spray rate, droplet size decreased. Six foggers, also evaluated, showed increases in droplet size with increases in spray rate. The information presented aids users in sprayer selection and operation to produce the specific droplet size spectra required for a particular application.

Last Modified: 8/22/2014
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