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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: BIOLOGICAL CONTROL OF INSECTS AND MICROORGANISMS TO PREVENT MYCOTOXIN CONTAMINATION Title: Ambient orchard volatiles from California almonds

Authors
item Beck, John
item Higbee, Bradley -
item Gee, Wai
item Dragull, Klaus

Research conducted cooperatively with:
item Paramount Farming Company, Llc

Submitted to: Phytochemistry Letters
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: March 26, 2011
Publication Date: April 8, 2011
Citation: Beck, J.J., Higbee, B.S., Gee, W.S., Dragull, K.D. 2011. Ambient orchard volatiles from California almonds. Phytochemistry Letters. 4(2):199-202.

Interpretive Summary: The volatile emissions of various plant parts, e.g., leaves, hulls, and nuts, of almonds have been studied via various collection techniques in the past. These analyses have typically been performed on single cultivars and hence may not be representative of the volatiles found in an entire almond orchard. Recent reports suggest some almond volatiles exhibit semiochemical activities for the navel orangeworm (NOW), a major insect pest of almonds; thus, the volatile composition of the comprehensive almond orchard would be helpful to research concerning NOW. The ambient volatile emissions of an almond orchard containing the cultivar Nonpareil and associated pollenizers were collected at four intervals during the 2009 growing season from orchards in the south Central Valley of California. The volatiles hexanal, octanal, nonanal, benzaldehyde, acetophenone, ethyl benzoate, methyl salicylate, and phenol were consistent in their presence and in relatively high amounts. The orchard volatile composition was analyzed via electroantennogram (EAG) analysis, which produced strong responses from NOW antennae.

Technical Abstract: The volatile emissions of various plant parts of almonds have been studied via various techniques in the past. These analyses have typically been performed on single cultivars and hence may not be representative of the volatiles found in an entire almond orchard. Recent reports suggest some almond volatiles exhibit semiochemical activities for the navel orangeworm (NOW), a major insect pest of almonds; thus, the volatile composition of the comprehensive almond orchard would be helpful to research concerning NOW. The ambient volatile emissions of an almond orchard containing the cultivar Nonpareil and associated pollenizers were collected at four intervals during the 2009 growing season from orchards in the south Central Valley of California. The volatiles hexanal, octanal, nonanal, benzaldehyde, acetophenone, ethyl benzoate, methyl salicylate, and phenol were consistent in their presence and in relatively high amounts. The orchard volatile composition was analyzed via electroantennogram (EAG) analysis, which produced strong responses from NOW antennae.

Last Modified: 11/24/2014
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