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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: RESEARCH TO DEVELOP STRATEGIES AND TECHNOLOGIES FOR PRESERVING PLANT GENETIC DIVERSITY IN EX SITU GENEBANKS

Location: Plant Germplasm Preservation Research Unit

Title: Climate change implications for plant genetic resource conservation

Authors
item Cruz, Von Mark
item Dierig, David

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: July 22, 2010
Publication Date: July 22, 2010
Repository URL: http://www.searca.org/web/adss/2010/index.html
Citation: Cruz, V.V., Dierig, D.A. 2010. Climate change implications for plant genetic resource conservation. Meeting Abstract. Special Seminar, SEARCA, Los Banos, Laguna, Philippines; July 16-22, 2010.

Interpretive Summary: The continued increase in crop productivity has been made possible by numerous advances in agricultural technologies that harness the potential of traits in diverse germplasm. One issue that has garnered much attention in recent times is climate change. Although there are some positive predicted consequences for productivity in agricultural crops, as well as some negative consequences, native species and wild relatives of these crops could be threatened. The conservation of plant genetic resources and advances in preservation technologies assure that the myriad types of germplasm remain present and viable for future utility and exploitation. The need to look at available germplasm for useful traits, efficiency in germplasm management, and improved methods for capturing diversity are paramount in addressing the challenges associated with climate change that impact agriculture. In depth characterization and pre-breeding activities, with increased collaboration among stakeholders will benefit the efforts to identify suitable germplasm materials. Efforts to integrate so called climate-proof genes are also already underway in major crops, as well as investments in developing new crops that will help diversify farming regions.

Technical Abstract: The continued increase in crop productivity has been made possible by numerous advances in agricultural technologies that harness the potential of traits in diverse germplasm. One issue that has garnered much attention in recent times is climate change. Although there are some positive predicted consequences for productivity in agricultural crops, as well as some negative consequences, native species and wild relatives of these crops could be threatened. The conservation of plant genetic resources and advances in preservation technologies assure that the myriad types of germplasm remain present and viable for future utility and exploitation. The need to look at available germplasm for useful traits, efficiency in germplasm management, and improved methods for capturing diversity are paramount in addressing the challenges associated with climate change that impact agriculture. In depth characterization and pre-breeding activities, with increased collaboration among stakeholders will benefit the efforts to identify suitable germplasm materials. Efforts to integrate so called climate-proof genes are also already underway in major crops, as well as investments in developing new crops that will help diversify farming regions.

Last Modified: 8/19/2014
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