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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: RESEARCH TO DEVELOP STRATEGIES AND TECHNOLOGIES FOR PRESERVING PLANT GENETIC DIVERSITY IN EX SITU GENEBANKS

Location: Plant Germplasm Preservation Research Unit

Title: Diversity in wild apple species of Chinese origin

Authors
item Volk, Gayle
item Henk, Adam
item Richards, Christopher
item Baldo, Angela
item Forsline, Philip -

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: April 15, 2010
Publication Date: August 2, 2010
Citation: Volk, G.M., Henk, A.D., Richards, C.M., Baldo, A.M., Forsline, P.L. 2010. Diversity in wild apple species of Chinese origin. Meeting Abstract. American Society for Horticultural Science annual conference, Palm Desert, CA August 2-5, 2010.

Interpretive Summary: The Malus collection in the USDA-ARS National Plant Germplasm System has twelve wild species of apple collected from China at the Plant Genetic Resources Unit (PGRU) in Geneva, NY. Between 8 and 148 individual trees represent each species. The assignment of seedling trees to specific species has been difficult due to the high levels of variation observed within species. We have collected phenotypic, ploidy, genotypic, and chloroplast sequence data for each of the field trees maintained at the PGRU that originated from seeds collected during plant explorations in China. Characteristic fruit and leaf characteristics specific to each species have been identified. Ploidy data have revealed that some species are diploid while other species have individuals with ploidy levels that range from diploid to hexaploid. Chloroplast sequence data have aided in species classification and phylogenetic analyses.

Technical Abstract: The Malus collection in the USDA-ARS National Plant Germplasm System has twelve wild species of apple collected from China at the Plant Genetic Resources Unit (PGRU) in Geneva, NY. Between 8 and 148 individual trees represent each species. The assignment of seedling trees to specific species has been difficult due to the high levels of variation observed within species. We have collected phenotypic, ploidy, genotypic, and chloroplast sequence data for each of the field trees maintained at the PGRU that originated from seeds collected during plant explorations in China. Characteristic fruit and leaf characteristics specific to each species have been identified. Ploidy data have revealed that some species are diploid while other species have individuals with ploidy levels that range from diploid to hexaploid. Chloroplast sequence data have aided in species classification and phylogenetic analyses.

Last Modified: 7/31/2014
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