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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Soil and Rhizosphere Populations of Fusarium and Fluorescent Pseudomonas spp. Associated with Field-Grown Plants are Affected by Sorghum Genotype

Authors
item Funnell-Harris, Deanna
item Pedersen, Jeffrey
item Sattler, Scott

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: June 6, 2010
Publication Date: June 6, 2010
Citation: Funnell-Harris, D.L., Pedersen, J.F., Sattler, S.E. 2010. Soil and Rhizosphere Populations of Fusarium and Fluorescent Pseudomonas spp. Associated with Field-Grown Plants are Affected by Sorghum Genotype. Meeting Abstract presented at APS North Central Division 2010 Annual Meeting, June 6-8, 2010, Rapid City, SD. Pg. 9.

Technical Abstract: Sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] is valued for bioenergy, feed and food. Potential of sorghum genotypes to support differing populations of root- and soil-associated fluorescent Pseudomonas spp. or Fusarium spp., in two soils, was assessed. Pseudomonad and Fusarium numbers were assessed from roots and soil of field-grown sorghum genotypes, RTx433 and Redlan. Possible biological control capabilities of Pseudomonas isolates, including hydrogen cyanide (HCN) and 2,4-diacetylphlorogluconol (phl) production, also were assessed. In dryland field conditions, RTx433 roots had greater numbers of pseudomonads than Redlan before anthesis but similar numbers after. There were no differences in numbers of pseudomonads from dryland soil or roots or soil of irrigated plants. Percentages of HCN-producing root isolates and phl soil isolates declined on irrigated Redlan plants, but percentages of HCN-producers increased in dryland conditions. Redlan roots had greater percentages of Fusarium isolates in the Gibberella fujikuroi species complex. Results indicated that sorghum genotype affected rhizosphere populations of fluorescent Pseudomonas spp. and Fusarium spp. across soil environments.

Last Modified: 9/1/2014
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