Page Banner

United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: IMPROVED COTTON QUALITY MEASUREMENTS

Location: Cotton Structure and Quality Research

Title: Minimization of operational impacts on spectrophotometer color measurements for cotton

Authors
item Rodgers, James
item Kang, Sho Yeung -
item Fortier, Chanel
item Cui, Xiaoliang
item Delhom, Christopher
item Knowlton, J -

Submitted to: Journal of Cotton Science
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: November 12, 2010
Publication Date: February 1, 2011
Citation: Rodgers III, J.E., Kang, S., Fortier, C.A., Cui, X., Delhom, C.D., Knowlton, J. 2011. Minimization of operational impacts on spectrophotometer color measurements for cotton. Journal of Cotton Science. 14:240-250.

Interpretive Summary: A key cotton quality and processing property that is gaining increasing importance is the color of the cotton. Cotton fiber in the U.S. is classified for color using the parameters Rd and +b with the Uster® High Volume Instrument (HVI). Rd and +b are specific to cotton fiber and are not typical globally recognized color systems, the feasibility of correlating HVI Rd and +b to the globally recognized color system L*a*b* on color spectrophotometers was demonstrated previously. A program was implemented to 1) investigate the impacts of operational and instrumental parameters on spectrophotometer color measurements, 2) determine the feasibility of minimizing the major impacts, and 3) develop uniform protocols for measuring cotton fiber on spectrophotometers. For cotton fiber measurements, glass placed between the sample and the spectrophotometer measurement port is required. The glass impact on spectrophotometer color results was the major impact on spectrophotometer color results, and the color parameter most impacted was L*. Protocols for minimizing glass impacts on spectrophotometer color measurements and for pressurized fiber measurements were determined.

Technical Abstract: A key cotton quality and processing property that is gaining increasing importance is the color of the cotton. Cotton fiber in the U.S. is classified for color using the Uster® High Volume Instrument (HVI), using the parameters Rd and +b. Rd and +b are specific to cotton fiber and are not typical globally recognized color systems. An earlier program established and validated the feasibility of correlating HVI Rd and +b to the globally recognized color system L*a*b*, available on most commercial bench-top and portable spectrophotometers. For cotton fiber measurements, glass placed between the sample and the spectrophotometer measurement port is required. In preliminary evaluations, the major impact on agreement between the HVI and standard color spectrophotometers and between color spectrophotometers was the use of glass. A program was implemented to 1) investigate in detail the impacts of key operational and instrumental parameters on spectrophotometer color measurements applicable to cotton fiber, with emphasis on instrument specular component, glass use, and pressure on the fiber, 2) to determine the feasibility of minimizing the major impacts, and 3) develop uniform protocols for measuring cotton fiber on spectrophotometers. The glass impact on spectrophotometer color results was much greater than that of specular component type, with the glass impact increasing with increasing thickness of the glass used. The color parameter most impacted by glass use, specular component, and applied fiber pressure was L*. The optimum applied pressure for color measurements on small portions of loose cotton fibers was 30 psig (pounds per square inch gauge). Protocols for minimizing glass impacts on spectrophotometer color measurements and for pressurized fiber measurements were determined, with the best overall results obtained with the use of specular component included (SCI), glass with glass calibration, and constant applied pressure for fiber measurements (e.g., 30 psig).

Last Modified: 7/24/2014
Footer Content Back to Top of Page