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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: PESTS, PARASITES, DISEASES AND STRESS OF MANAGED HONEY BEES USED IN HONEY PRODUCTION AND POLLINATION

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Title: Monitoring for resistance to organophosphorus and pyrethroid insecticides in varroa mite populations

Authors
item Kanga, Lambert -
item Adamczyk, John
item Cox, Robert

Submitted to: Journal of Economic Entomology
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: May 22, 2010
Publication Date: August 12, 2010
Citation: Kanga, L., Adamczyk Jr, J.J., Cox, R.L. 2010. Monitoring for resistance to organophosphorus and pyrethroid insecticides in varroa mite populations. Journal of Economic Entomology. 103(5):1797-1802.

Interpretive Summary: The Varroa mite is a serious pest of honey bees in the United States. Control strategies often used pesticides (i.e. miticides) to removed mites from managed hives in commercial beekeeping. Consequently, frequent use of miticides can cause resistance to develop whereby Varroa mites become tolerant to the affects of a given chemical miticide. To monitor field populations of Varroa mite in Texas and Florida for this type of resistance, a glass vial bioassay procedure was developed to use in the development of a resistance management strategy. The results validate use of the glass vial bioassay to monitor for resistance in Varroa mite and provide the basis for the development of a resistance management strategy designed to extend the efficacy of all classes of insecticides used for control of Varroa mite.

Technical Abstract: The occurrence of resistance in Varroa mite populations is a serious threat to the beekeeping industry and crops that rely on the honey bee for pollination. Integrated pest management strategies for control of this pest include the judicious use of insecticides. To monitor field populations of Varroa mite for insecticide resistance, a glass vial bioassay procedure was developed to use in the development of a resistance management strategy. Diagnostic concentrations needed to separate susceptible genotypes from resistant individuals were determined for cypermethrin (0.1 µg per vial), fluvalinate (5 0. µg per vial), malathion (0.01 µg per vial), coumaphos (10.0 µg per vial), diazinon (5.0 µg per vial), methomyl (0.5 µg per vial), propoxur (0.1 µg per vial) and endosulfan (2.5 µg per vial). Resistance to organophosphorus insecticides (malathion, coumaphos) and pyrethroids (cypermetrhrin, fluvalinate) was widespread in both Texas and Florida from 2007 to 2009. There was no resistance to endosulfan, diazinon, methomyl and propoxur in field populations of Varroa mite in the two states. The seasonal patterns of resistance in Florida were different from those of Texas. In Florida, the frequency of resistance to all insecticides tested decreased significantly from 2007 to 2009 while it increased in Texas. Resistance levels were unstable, suggesting that resistance could be successfully managed. The results validate use of the glass vial bioassay to monitor for resistance in Varroa mite and provide the basis for the development of a resistance management strategy designed to extend the efficacy of all classes of insecticides used for control of Varroa mite.

Last Modified: 12/28/2014
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