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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: SUSTAINING AND ENHANCING SOUTHERN PLAINS RANGELAND AND PASTURE LANDSCAPES

Location: Rangeland and Pasture Research

Title: Land conversion to bioenergy production: water budget and sediment output in a semiarid grassland

Authors
item Wine, Michael -
item Engle, Dave -
item Ochsner, Tyson -
item Bradford, James

Submitted to: Ecological Society of America Abstracts
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: April 5, 2010
Publication Date: August 3, 2010
Citation: Wine, M., Engle, D., Ochsner, T., Bradford, J.A. 2010. Land conversion to bioenergy production: water budget and sediment output in a semiarid grassland [abstract]. Proceedings of the Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting, August 1-6, 2010, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. PS 30-65.

Technical Abstract: Switchgrass based bioenergy production has been considered a feasible alternative of land use for the mixed-grass prairie and marginal croplands in the High Plains. However, little is known of the effect of this land use change on the water cycle and associated sediment output in this water controlled, recharge deficient ecosystem. We quantified individual components of the water cycle and associated sediment output using paired watersheds at the USDA-ARS Southern Plains Range Research Station in Western Oklahoma. We used one native mixed-grass prairie watershed as a control and the other was undergoing conversion to switchgrass production in spring 2009. The runoff and sediment output were quantified using flumes and automatic sediment samplers. Water storage in the soil was calculated based on measurement of soil water content from ECH2O EC-5 sensors at multiple depths, and deep drainage was measured using the hydraulic gradient approach and Gee passive capillary lysimeters. Our preliminary results indicated a substantial difference in the temporal dynamics of soil water contents in the soil profile between the control watershed and the watershed under switchgrass conversion. The herbicide treatment and associated reduction in grass cover and biomass in the switchgrass conversion watershed resulted in a greater range of fluctuation in soil water contents through the entire soil profile and higher water contents for the soil layers from 80 to 120 cm. There were different responses of runoff, evapotranspiration, and deep drainage potential for each treatment

Last Modified: 8/22/2014
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