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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: IMPROVED COTTON QUALITY MEASUREMENTS

Location: Cotton Structure and Quality Research

Title: Nir Analysis for Textiles

Authors
item RODGERS, JAMES
item Ghosh, Subhas -

Submitted to: Handbook of Near-Infrared Analysis
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: March 12, 2005
Publication Date: October 15, 2007
Citation: Rodgers III, J.E., Ghosh, S. 2007. NIR Analysis for Textiles. Handbook of Near-Infrared Analysis. pp 485-520. In: Burns, D. and Ciurczak, E. (eds.) Handbook of Near Infrared Analysis, 3rd Ed., CRC Press, New York. 808 pp. 2008.

Interpretive Summary: Near Infrared (NIR) methods and techniques continue to find increasingly diverse and wide-ranging quantitative and qualitative applications in the textile industry. NIR methods allow the user to rapidly, accurately, and precisely monitor key chemical, physical, and morphological properties of textile fibers, yarns, fabrics, and chemical textile auxiliaries (finishes, lubricants, etc.). This chapter will be presented in two sections—one for natural fibers (cotton, wool, blends, etc.) and one for synthetic fibers (nylon, polyester, blends, etc.). Each section will review many of the more common laboratory and at-line/on-line NIR analyses, methods and techniques for textile products.

Technical Abstract: Near Infrared (NIR) spectroscopy has been found to be a useful technique to characterize raw materials and finished textile products, and NIR methods and techniques continue to find increasingly diverse and wide-ranging quantitative and qualitative applications in the textile industry. NIR methods allow the user to rapidly, accurately, and precisely monitor key chemical, physical, and morphological properties of textile fibers, yarns, fabrics, and chemical textile auxiliaries. This chapter will be presented in two sections—one for natural fibers (cotton, wool, blends, etc.) and one for synthetic fibers (nylon, polyester, blends, etc.). Each section will review many of the more common NIR analyses, methods and techniques for textile products, such as degree of mercerization and maturity for cotton and heatset temperature and fiber/polymer type identification for synthetic fibers. Both laboratory and at-line/on-line NIR analyses will be reviewed.

Last Modified: 9/29/2014
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