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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: CHEMICAL MODIFICATIONS OF COTTON TEXTILES Title: Synthesis, structural and flammability studies of novel phosphonates triazine derivative as economic flame retardant for cotton

Authors
item Nguyen, Thach-Mien
item Chang, Sechin
item Condon, Brian
item Graves, Elena
item Smith, Jade

Submitted to: National Cotton Council Beltwide Cotton Conference
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: December 18, 2009
Publication Date: N/A

Technical Abstract: Organophosphorous flame retardants have been known to be more effective when used in conjunction with nitrogen-containing systems. Their mixture produces incombustible non-toxic gases which can dilute the concentration of the oxygen near the flame, and the charred layers become protective barriers to the material against flame and heat. The aim of this work was to synthesize and characterize the mono- or di-substituded phosphonates of cyanuric chloride. The synthesis was done in two steps with an overall yield of 71% beginning with dimethyl phosphite. Full structural characterizations of new compound were provided by nuclear magnetic resonance techniques and elemental analysis. Data of treated cotton fabrics for thermal analyses, limiting oxygen indices, and flammability test will be also presented.

Last Modified: 12/21/2014
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