NUTRITIONAL REGULATION OF CELL AND ORGAN GROWTH, DIFFERENTIATION, AND DEVELOPMENT
Location: Children Nutrition Research Center (Houston, Tx)
Title: Long-term leucine induced stimulation of muscle protein synthesis is amino acid dependent
| Wilson, Fiona - |
| Suryawan, Agus - |
| Gazzaneo, Maria - |
| Orellana, Renan - |
| Nguyen, Hanh - |
| Davis, Teresa - |
Submitted to: Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology Conference
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: February 20, 2009
Publication Date: April 20, 2009
Citation: Wilson, F.A., Suryawan, A., Gazzaneo, M.C., Orellana, R.A., Nguyen, H.V., Davis, T.A. 2009. Long-term leucine induced stimulation of muscle protein synthesis is amino acid dependent [abstract]. Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology Conference: Today's Research: Tomorrow's Health. Session: Nutrient-sensing mechanisms, April 18-22, 2009, New Orleans, Louisiana. Electronic Abstract: 23(1) Abstract No. 228.7.
Infusing leucine for 1 h increases skeletal muscle protein synthesis in the neonate, but this is not sustained for 2 h unless the corresponding fall in amino acids is prevented. This study aimed to determine whether a continuous leucine infusion can stimulate protein synthesis for a prolonged period when baseline amino acid concentrations are maintained. Overnight-fasted neonatal pigs (n = 18) were infused for 24 h with saline, leucine (400 micromol/g(-1)/h(-1)),or leucine with replacement amino acids. Leucine stimulated muscle protein synthesis only when other amino acids were maintained at fasting. Leucine had no effect on the phosphorylation of protein kinase B, AMP-activated protein kinase, tuberous sclerosis complex 2, or eukaryotic elongation factor 2, the association of mTOR with raptor, G-protein ßsubunit-like protein, or rictor, or the phosphorylation of raptor or proline-rich Akt Substrate of 40 kDa. Phosphorylation of mTOR, eukaryotic initiation factor (eIF) 4E binding protein (4EBP1) and ribosomal protein S6 kinase, and eIF4E>eIF4G association were increased and eIF2 phosphorylation was reduced by leucine, in the absence and presence of replacement amino acids. Thus, prolonged infusion of leucine activates mTOR and its downstream targets in skeletal muscle; however, protein synthesis stimulation is dependent upon amino acid availability.