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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: COORDINATED ANALYSIS OF SOYBEAN BREEDING GERMPLASM

Location: Functional Foods Research Unit

Title: Spring Canola performance in the Central Great Plains

Authors
item Pavlista, A -
item Santra, D -
item Hergert, G -
item Baltensperger, D -
item Isbell, Terry

Submitted to: American Society of Agronomy Meetings
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: November 1, 2009
Publication Date: November 1, 2009
Citation: Pavlista, A.D., Santra, D.K., Hergert, G.H., Baltensperger, D.D., Isbell, T. 2009. Spring canola performance in the Central Great Plains [abstract]. American Society of Agronomy Annual Meeting. p. 1.

Technical Abstract: To determine adaptability of spring canola (Brassica napus L.) to the High Plains for industrial oil production, 26 trials were conducted from 2005 to 2008. Trials were divided into five regions: (1) 36-37N 108W, (2) 39-40N 101-103W, (3) 41-42N 102-103W, (4) 41-42N 104W, and (5) 44N 106-108W. Cultural practices were based on site-specific protocols. Four standard varieties, Hyola 357 Magnum, Hyola 401, SW Marksman, and SW Patriot, were planted in replicated plots in April or May under standard irrigation and harvested in July to September. Hyola 401 and Hyola 357 Magnum were the highest yielding cultivars across the five regions and within Regions 1, 2, 3, and 5. Regions 1, 2 and 3 yielded significantly greater than did Regions 4 and 5. Except in Region 2, the four cultivars had greater than 35% oil content and SW Marksman and SW Patriot had the highest. The highest oil content was achieved in Regions 1, 4 and 5. Samples from 18 trials were examined for their fatty acid distribution. Canola oil is high in oleic and linoleic acids which are commonly used both for food and industrial purposes. Across and within regions, the percent of oleic did not differ for the four cultivars. The mean content of C18:1 increased going north from Region 1 to Region 5, inversely, to yield in the High Plains. Considering yield and oil quality together, growing spring canola in the Nebraska Panhandle may be the best location in the High Plains.

Last Modified: 7/31/2014
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