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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: VIRUS-VECTOR-HOST INTERACTIONS OF ARBOVIRAL DISEASES OF LIVESTOCK Title: Molecular detection technologies for arboviruses

Authors
item Wilson, William
item Jiang, Jieyuan -
item Weingartl, Hana -
item Rodriguez, Luis
item Murrieta, Charles
item Drolet, Barbara
item Miller, Myrna

Submitted to: Symposium Proceedings
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: June 11, 2009
Publication Date: October 18, 2010
Repository URL: http://www-naweb.iaea.org/nafa/aph/public/aph-sustainable-improvement.html
Citation: Wilson, W.C., Jiang, J., Weingartl, H., Rodriguez, L.L., Murrieta, C.M., Drolet, B.S., Miller, M.M. 2010. Molecular detection technologies for arboviruses. Symposium Proceedings. 305-308.

Interpretive Summary: Insect-transmitted diseases of livestock cause significant livestock and economic losses to world agriculture. The causes of these diseases are often viruses such as bluetongue virus (BTV), epizootic hemorrhagic disease virus (EHDV), vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV), and Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV). This paper discusses the current and potential impact of these viruses, as well as the current and developing molecular diagnostic tools for these emerging and re-emerging insect transmitted viruses affecting livestock and wildlife.

Technical Abstract: Arthropod-borne animal viruses (arboviruses) cause significant livestock and economic losses to world agriculture. This paper discusses the current and potential impact of these viruses, as well as the current and developing molecular diagnostic tools for these emerging and re-emerging insect transmitted viruses affecting livestock and wildlife. The emphasis will be on those viruses for which there have been significant recent outbreaks in livestock including: bluetongue virus (BTV), epizootic hemorrhagic disease virus (EHDV), vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV), and Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV). The current readiness for rapid detection of arboviruses is fairly high, but there is a need for global harmonization and continued evaluation due to the genetic variation of these unique pathogens. The tool chest for molecular detection contains a range of assays from low technology to high-throughput sophisticated devices.

Last Modified: 10/22/2014
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