Page Banner

United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: NEW TECHNOLOGIES TO PROCESS VALUE-ADDED, HEALTHY FOODS FROM FRUITS AND VEGETABLES Title: Anaerobic Digestion of Saline Creeping Wild Ryegrass for Biogas Production and Pretreatment of Particleboard Material

Authors
item Zheng, Yi -
item Pan, Zhongli
item Zhang, Ruihong -
item El-Mashad, Hamed -
item Pan, Jinming -
item Jenkins, Bryan -

Submitted to: Bioresource Technology
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: August 9, 2008
Publication Date: February 1, 2009
Citation: Zheng, Y., Pan, Z., Zhang, R., El-Mashad, H., Pan, J., Jenkins, B. 2009. Anaerobic Digestion of Saline Creeping Wild Ryegrass for Biogas Production and Pretreatment of Particleboard Material. Bioresource Technology. 100(4):1582-1588.

Interpretive Summary: This research developed an integrated process to produce biogas and high quality particleboard using saline creeping wild ryegrass. The knowledge and processing technique can also be used for other cellulosic materials.

Technical Abstract: The objective of this research was to develop an integrated process to produce biogas and high-quality particleboard using saline creeping wild ryegrass (CWR), Leymus triticoides through anaerobic digestion (AD). Besides producing biogas, AD also serves as a pretreatment method to remove the wax layer of CWR for improving binding capability and then the residue is used to produce high-quality particleboard. CWR was digested for three time periods, 15, 22, and 33 days with the volatile solid (VS) loading of 10 g-VS/L-sludge and the food to microorganism (F/M) ratio of 1.41. The highest biogas yield after digestion for 33 days was 251 mL/g-VS, which is corresponded to energy of 8419 BTU/kg-dry CWR. The highest methane content of biogas was 63%. Compared with particleboards manufactured from urea formaldehyde (UF) and untreated CWR, the mechanical and long-term (24 h) water resistance properties of particleboards made from UF and 33-day AD CWR residue were statistically significantly improved, except for modulus of elasticity (MOE). For example, the modulus of rupture (MOR) was increased by 39%. The results indicated that the integrated process could be a cost-effective and environmentally friendly method for producing bioenergy and particleboard with agricultural residues.

Last Modified: 11/26/2014
Footer Content Back to Top of Page