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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: POTATO GENETICS, CYTOGENETICS, DISEASE RESISTANCE, AND PRE-BREEDING UTILIZING WILD AND CULTIVATED SPECIES

Location: Vegetable Crops Research Unit

Title: Development of a potato seedling assay to screen for resistance to Verticillium dahliae

Authors
item Bae, Jinjoo -
item Halterman, Dennis
item Jansky, Shelley

Submitted to: Plant Breeding
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: September 3, 2010
Publication Date: April 1, 2011
Citation: Bae, J., Halterman, D.A., Jansky, S.H. 2011. Development of a potato seedling assay to screen for resistance to Verticillium dahliae. Plant Breeding. 130(2):225-230.

Interpretive Summary: Determination of resistance to Verticillium in field-grown plants can be difficult because of similarities between disease symptomology and plant decline due to natural aging. We found that by using greenhouse-grown seedlings, we can effectively identify genotypes that are susceptible to Verticillium before they are transferred to the field. Overall, this will reduce the number of plants that need to be screened for resistance in the field. Additionally, we found that some genotypes of potato react differently to inoculation with exudates from liquid-grown Verticillium cultures, which may contain phytotoxins, compared to inoculation with fungal mycelia and conidia. Application of this screening method by potato breeders will expedite the identification of resistance sources and impact their ability to generate cultivars with increased resistance.

Technical Abstract: A seedling assay was developed for Verticillium wilt (VW) resistance in potato (Solanum tuberosum) in order to provide efficient and rapid screening to identify resistant clones in segregating populations. The method provides uniform inoculum to avoid false negatives and reduces the confusion of symptom expression with late maturity in field grown plants. Seedlings of 18 potato families were tested. Although symptom expression of seedlings, such as severe stunting, chlorosis, and necrosis was obvious, the relationships between seedling score and either symptom expression or stem colonization in the field were not apparent. When exudates were separated from fungal mycelia grown in liquid culture and inoculated in 5 families and S. chacoense population, each family reacted differently from each of toxin or Verticilium dahliae conidia inoculum. This result suggests that phytotoxins that may be present can cause serious effects on the growth of certain genotypes. Seedlings were also selected based on no symptoms and low V. dahliae biomass after infection. All selected clones showed lower V. dahliae biomass than susceptible control plants. The results indicate that the seedling assay can be effectively used to identify resistant or tolerant clones in segregating populations.

Last Modified: 10/1/2014
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