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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: ECOLOGICALLY-SOUND PEST, WATER AND SOIL MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES FOR NORTHERN GREAT PLAINS CROPPING SYSTEMS

Location: Agricultural Systems Research Unit

Title: Relationships between Extractable Soil Phosphorus and Phosphorus Saturation after Long-Term Fertilizer or Manure Application

Authors
item Allen, Brett
item Mallarino, Antonio -

Submitted to: Soil Science Society of America Journal
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: November 15, 2005
Publication Date: February 2, 2006
Repository URL: http://handle.nal.usda.gov/10113/58221
Citation: Allen, B.L., Mallarino, A.P. 2006. Relationships between Extractable Soil Phosphorus and Phosphorus Saturation after Long-Term Fertilizer or Manure Application. Soil Science Society of America Journal. 70:454-463.

Interpretive Summary: Long-term P application affects total soil P (TP), soil-test P (STP), and the degree of soil P saturation, but relationships between these measurements need to be established for grain production cropping systems to improve P management guidelines. These relationships were studied from samples collected from 11 long-term (4–23 yr) Iowa P trials. Soil was analyzed for Bray-P1 (BP), Mehlich-3 P (M3P), Olsen P (OP), TP, P sorption index (PSI), and P saturation by STP/PSI and Mehlich-3 extractable P, Al, and Fe (M3sat) indices. Soil-test P increased as P applied increased and declined when P was not applied. Total P increased linearly with increasing BP, M3P, and OP (r = 0.52–0.55), and increases were 1.8, 1.7, and 3.5 mg TP kg–1 per mg STP kg–1 for BP, M3P, and OP, respectively. Usually STP was linearly correlated to M3sat and STP/PSI (r = 0.80–0.94), and M3sat was linearly correlated to STP/PSI (r = 0.86–0.92). Results indicate that STP can approximate long-term effects of P application on TP, and soil P saturation for conditions similar to those in this study, but TP estimates are improved by grouping similar soil series.

Technical Abstract: Total soil P (TP), soil-test P (STP), and the degree of soil P saturation are affected by long-term P application but relationships between these measurements need to be established for grain production cropping systems to improve P management guidelines. This research studied these relationships from samples collected from 11 long-term (4–23 yr) Iowa P trials. Mean soil clay content and pH (0- to 15-cm depth) ranged from 171 to 375 g kg–1 and 6.1 to 6.8, respectively, and maximum cumulative P application was 192 to 1098 kg P ha–1. Soil was analyzed for Bray-P1 (BP), Mehlich-3 P (M3P), Olsen P (OP), TP, P sorption index (PSI), and P saturation by STP/PSI and Mehlich-3 extractable P, Al, and Fe (M3sat) indices. Soil-test P increased as P applied increased and declined when P was not applied. Total P increased linearly with increasing BP, M3P, and OP (r = 0.52–0.55), and increases were 1.8, 1.7, and 3.5 mg TP kg–1 per mg STP kg–1 for BP, M3P, and OP, respectively. Usually STP was linearly correlated to M3sat and STP/PSI (r = 0.80–0.94), and M3sat was linearly correlated to STP/PSI (r = 0.86–0.92). Results indicate that STP can approximately estimate long-term effects of P application on TP, and soil P saturation for conditions similar to those in this study, but TP estimates are improved by grouping similar soil series. Further research for a wider range of soils and STP would be useful to better describe relationships between these measurements.

Last Modified: 8/22/2014
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