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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Geosmin causes off-flavour in arctic charr in recirculating aquaculture systems

item Houle, Stephanie -
item Schrader, Kevin
item Lefrancois, Nathalie -
item Comeau, Yves -
item Kharoune, Mourad -
item Summerfelt, Steven -
item Savoie, Arianne -
item Vandenberg, Grant -

Submitted to: Aquaculture Research
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: June 25, 2010
Publication Date: February 1, 2011
Citation: Houle, S., Schrader, K., Lefrancois, N.R., Comeau, Y., Kharoune, M., Summerfelt, S.T., Savoie, A., Vandenberg, G.W. 2011. Geosmin causes off-flavour in arctic charr in recirculating aquaculture systems. Aquaculture Research. 42:360-365.

Interpretive Summary: Arctic charr cultured in recirculating water systems were found to contain an “earthy” off-flavor. The compound geosmin was detected in the fish flesh and determined to be the cause of this off-flavor.

Technical Abstract: The “earthy” and “muddy” off-flavors in pond-reared fish are due to the presence of geosmin or 2-methylisoborneol (MIB) in the flesh of the fish. Similar off-flavors have been reported in fish raised in recirculating aquaculture systems (RAS); however, little information is available regarding the cause of these off-flavors. Our hypothesis was that earthy and muddy off-flavor compounds, previously found in pond-raised fish, are also responsible for off-flavors in fish raised in RAS. In this preliminary study, we examined water, biofilms in RAS, and fillets from cultured arctic charr (known to have off-flavors and requiring depuration) using instrumental (solid-phase microextraction procedure and GC-MS) and human sensory analyses. Geosmin was present in the samples taken from the biofilter and on the side-walls of the tanks. MIB was only found in low levels in the samples. The GC-MS results indicated the presence of geosmin in the fillets (1,095 ng kg-1), but lower levels were found in the water (56.3 ng L-1). Sensory analyses also detected an earthy flavor (i.e., geosmin presence) in the fillets, and, therefore, it appears that geosmin is the main compound responsible for the off-flavor in RAS. Further studies are being performed to identify microorganisms responsible for geosmin production in RAS.

Last Modified: 8/27/2016
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