PHYTONUTRIENT BIOCHEMISTRY, PHYSIOLOGY, AND TRANSPORT
Location: Children Nutrition Research Center (Houston, Tx)
Title: Sensory analysis of calcium-biofortified lettuce
| Park, Sunghun - KANSAS STATE UNIV |
| Elless, Mark - EDENSPACE SYSTEMS CORP |
| Park, Jungeun - KANSAS STATE UNIV |
| Jenkins, Alicia - KANSAS STATE UNIV |
| Lim, Wansang - KANSAS STATE UNIV |
| Chambers Iv, Edgar - KANSAS STATE UNIV |
Submitted to: Plant Biotechnology Journal
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: September 9, 2008
Publication Date: October 13, 2008
Citation: Park, S., Elless, M.P., Park, J., Jenkins, A., Lim, W., Chambers IV, E., Hirschi, K.D. 2008. Sensory analysis of calcium-biofortified lettuce. Plant Biotechnology Journal. 7(1):106-117.
Interpretive Summary: We genetically modified lettuce to contain more calcium and then tested if these foods had altered the taste qualities and consumer perceptions of the foods. Our sensory analysis required a panel of human assessors, on whom the lettuce was tested, and we recorded their responses when eating the genetically modified lettuce and controls. We determined that our genetically modified plants were no different than controls in terms of taste and texture. These sensory analysis studies are critical if claims are to be made regarding efficacy of biofortified foods and may be an important component in public acceptance of genetically modified foods.
Vegetables represent an attractive means of providing increased calcium nutrition to the public. In this study, it was demonstrated that lettuce expressing the deregulated Arabidopsis H(+)/Ca(2+) transporter sCAX1 (cation exchanger 1) contained 25-32% more calcium than controls. These biofortified lettuce lines were fertile and demonstrated robust growth in glasshouse growth conditions. Using a panel of highly trained descriptive panellists, biofortified lettuce plants were evaluated and no significant differences were detected in flavour, bitterness or crispness when compared with controls. Sensory analysis studies are critical if claims are to be made regarding the efficacy of biofortified foods, and may be an important component in the public acceptance of genetically modified foods.