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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: USING REMOTE SENSING & MODELING FOR EVALUATING HYDROLOGIC FLUXES, STATES, & CONSTITUENT TRANSPORT PROCESSES WITHIN AGRICULTURAL LANDSCAPES Title: Dew Frequency, Duration, Amount, and Distribution in Corn and Soybean During SMEX05

Authors
item Kabela, E - DEPT. OF ENERGY
item Hornbuckle, B - IOWA STATE UNIVERSITY
item Cosh, Michael
item Anderson, Martha
item Gleason, M - IOWA STATE UNIVERSITY

Submitted to: American Geophysical Union
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: December 11, 2008
Publication Date: December 15, 2008
Citation: Kabela, E., Hornbuckle, B.K., Cosh, M.H., Anderson, M.C., Gleason, M.L. 2008. Dew frequency, duration, amount, and distribution in corn and soybean during SMEX05 [abstract]. American Geophysical Union. 89(53).

Technical Abstract: Dew affects the brightness temperature of vegetation and backscatter from vegetation at microwave wavelengths. Must this effect must be taken into account in order to avoid corrupting remotely-sensed observations of important ecosystem variables such as soil moisture? As a first step towards answering this question, we report the frequency and duration of dew events, the total amount of dew in the canopy, and the distribution of dew within the canopy for two different types of crop canopy, corn and soybean, during SMEX05, a twenty-one day field experiment conducted during June and July, 2005, in Iowa, USA. We observed dew to be present more than 50% of the time in both corn and soybean at common satellite overpass times of 1:30 and 6:00 CST. Dew was most likely to be present between 12:00 and 6:30 CST, and as late as 9:00 CST. Two different methods to scale the liquid water measured on single leaves to the entire vegetation canopy produced similar results, and we observed dew amounts that were comparable, and in some cases higher, than those that have been shown to affect the microwave brightness temperature and backscatter. The distribution of dew within the canopy among the top and bottom of a leaf and (for corn) the leaf collar may influence its effect on remotely-sensed measurements. We found that this distribution is different for light, moderate, and heavy dew events. A modeling approach will be necessary to estimate dew at larger spatial scales associated with satellite remote sensing. The Atmosphere-Land Exchange (ALEX) model, a land surface process model that accounts for both dewfall and distillation, produced estimates of dew amount and duration that were in agreement with manual observations and observations made with leaf wetness sensors.

Last Modified: 9/1/2014
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