Page Banner

United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Textile Materials and Structures for Wound Care Products

Authors
item Gupta, Bhupender - NORTH CAROLINA STATE UNIV
item Edwards, Judson

Submitted to: Book Chapter
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: February 15, 2009
Publication Date: April 1, 2009
Citation: Gupta, B.S., Edwards, J.V. 2009. Textile Materials and Structures for Wound Care Products. In: Rajendran, S., editor. Advanced Textiles for Wound Care. Great Abington Cambridge, UK. Woodhead Publishing Limited. p. 48-92.

Interpretive Summary: In a human’s fast paced life, characterized by external hazards and physiological neglects, physical injury of one or the other form is a commonly encountered event. It must be attended to in order to protect body health, function and appearance. The primary procedure used is the application of a dressing, which in main protects the site against external assaults and aids in generating the needed physiological environment for efficient repair. This paper outlines the different types of dressings and how they relate to the healing process. The dressing can be as simple as a strip of plain textile, or as complex as an engineered composite that contains layers of different geometries and reactive materials, including medicines. The type of dressing depends on the type and the condition of the wound. Wound repair may be simple and inconsequential and performed by the patient itself or it may be complex enough to warrant surgery and hospitalization. An effective treatment requires a thorough understanding of the wound types and the healing mechanisms, and the knowledge of the interventions that are available and would ideally assist in the repair process. A summary of the different types of materials used in dressings for acute, hemorrhaging and chronic wounds is reviewed.

Technical Abstract: In a human’s fast paced life, characterized by external hazards and physiological neglects, physical injury of one or the other form is a commonly encountered event. It must be attended to in order to protect body health, function and appearance. The primary procedure used is the application of a dressing, which in main protects the site against external assaults and aids in generating the needed physiological environment for efficient repair. The dressing can be as simple as a strip of plain textile, or as complex as an engineered composite that contains layers of different geometries and reactive materials, including medicines. The type of dressing depends on the type and the condition of the wound. Wound repair may be simple and inconsequential and performed by the patient itself or it may be complex enough to warrant surgery and hospitalization. An effective treatment requires a thorough understanding of the wound types and the healing mechanisms, and the knowledge of the interventions that are available and would ideally assist in the repair process.

Last Modified: 9/22/2014
Footer Content Back to Top of Page