Submitted to: Lipid Technology
Publication Type: Review Article
Publication Acceptance Date: September 28, 2008
Publication Date: November 1, 2008
Citation: Zerkowski, J.A. 2008. Estolides: From Structure and Function to Structured and Functionalized. Lipid Technology. 20(11):253-256.
Oligomeric fatty acid esters, known as estolides, have been studied for close to a century. It has only been in the last dozen or so years, however, that efficient methods for preparing estolides have been developed that also allow for a modicum of control over their molecular structures. By varying the bio-based feedstocks and reaction conditions, the functional properties, particularly those geared toward lubrication, can be modified. More recently, synthetic advances have permitted stepwise construction of estolides with functional groups (hydrophilic or reactive) positioned at specific sites within the chain.