Submitted to: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Publication Type: Review Article
Publication Acceptance Date: March 1, 2008
Publication Date: May 1, 2008
Citation: Heird, W.C. 2008. Infant feeding and vision. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 87(5):1120. Technical Abstract: Over the past several years, a number of randomized controlled trials have compared the effects of breastfeeding and formula feeding and the effects of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)–supplemented and non-supplemented formulas on visual function in both preterm and term infants. Some studies have shown benefits of breastfeeding and of DHA-supplemented formulas, but others have not. Many studies have been criticized for the failure to control for a number of potentially important environmental and sociodemographic factors and for the failure to follow participants long enough to ascertain the persistence of any beneficial effects noted during the period of breastfeeding or DHA-supplemented formula feeding and, in some studies, up to 1 y or 18 mo later.