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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: SOIL CARBON CYCLING, TRACE GAS EMISSION, TILLAGE AND CROP RESIDUE MANAGEMENT Title: Photosynthesis and growth response of different switchgrass ecotypes to fluctuating growth temperatures

Author
item Gesch, Russell

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: September 11, 2008
Publication Date: September 11, 2008
Citation: Gesch, R.W. 2008. Photosynthesis and growth response of different switchgrass ecotypes to fluctuating growth temperatures [abstract]. Association for the Advancement of Industrial Crops. p. 58.

Technical Abstract: Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.), a warm-season C4 grass that shows good potential as a bioenergy feedstock and conservation crop, is widely adapted throughout North America. However, its productivity tends to decline with increasing latitude. In northern regions where growing season temperatures can fluctuate dramatically, the ability of switchgrass to adjust photosynthetically to maximize carbon assimilation under such conditions, especially exposure to sub-optimal temperatures, may enhance productivity. To investigate the genetic potential of switchgrass to photosynthetically acclimate to fluctuating growth temperature, four cultivars, two lowland (Alamo and Kanlow) and two upland (Cave in Rock and Sunburst) ecotypes were grown under day/night temperatures of 32/24°C and later switched to 22/14°C for 15 d. Photosynthesis, growth, and nonstructural carbohydrates were analyzed before and after temperature switching. Photosynthesis of the lowland cultivars was slightly greater than that of the upland varieties at 32/24°C. After switching to 22/14°C and allowing the newest expanding leaf to mature, photosynthesis at growth temperature was less than that before the switch, but there was no difference among cultivars. Under the lower growth temperatures, photosynthetic capacity among cultivars slightly decreased or remained similar as compared to that before the temperature switch although Alamo leaves increased in PEPCase activity and Chl content. While exposed to 22/14°C, Alamo had the greatest dry weight gain (3.8 g plant-1), which was 31, 65, and 153% greater than that of Sunburst, Kanlow, and Cave in Rock, respectively. Soluble sugar and starch contents of Alamo leaves were greater than that of the other cultivars before and after the switch. However, Alamo leaves grown under the lower temperatures contained less soluble sugar and starch than those grown at 32/24°C; whereas, the other cultivars responded oppositely. Results indicate that efficient assimilate usage for growth rather than photosynthetic acclimation under sub-optimal growth temperatures may be a key to enhancing switchgrass productivity.

Last Modified: 11/27/2014
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