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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: GENETICS, POPULATION BIOLOGY, AND HOST-PARASITE INTERACTIONS OF CEREAL RUST FUNGI AND THEIR DISEASES Title: Stem rust resistance in South African wheat cultivars

Authors
item Pretorius, Z. - S. AFRICA, FREE STATE
item Jin, Yue
item Prins, R. - S. AFRICA, FREE STATE
item Bender, C. - S. AFRICA, FREE STATE
item Herselman, L. - S. AFRICA, FREE STATE

Submitted to: Wheat Genetics International Symposium Proceedings
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: June 26, 2008
Publication Date: August 24, 2008
Repository URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2123/3384
Citation: Pretorius, Z., Jin, Y., Prins, R., Bender, C.M., Herselman, L. 2008. Stem rust resistance in South African wheat cultivars. Wheat Genetics Symposium. pp. 1-2.

Interpretive Summary: Wheat cultivars from South Africa (SA) performed better than in field testing for resistance to race Ug99 in Kenya. We tested SA bread wheat cultivars and lines using stem rust races from USA and East African countries. Rust testing and DNA markers indicated that some SA cultivars carry Ug99 resistant genes Sr24 and Sr2. The study revealed limited diversity for stem rust resistance in SA wheat and emphasis should be made to diversify the sources of resistance that are effective against Ug99.

Technical Abstract: The appearance and anticipated spread of race TTKS (syn. Ug99) of Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici have renewed interest in breeding for durable resistance to stem rust of wheat. In an attempt to determine the current status of stem rust resistance, 67 South African (SA) bread wheat cultivars and lines were tested with USA and East African races of P. graminis f. sp. tritici. Entries were also screened with DNA markers associated with Sr24 (Sr24#50) and Sr31 (iag95). Sr2 DNA marker (stm559n) data were compared with seedling chlorosis scores to validate the use of this marker in SA genotypes. Most cultivars interacted differentially with the races tested. DNA marker analysis confirmed the presence of Sr31 in seven entries. According to phenotype, Sr24 was postulated in several entries, but confirmed in less when combined with the marker data. Stm559n for Sr2 reliably amplified the correct alleles in most local and control lines. However, in several instances Sr2-associated alleles were amplified in presumably non-Sr2 carrying cultivars. This study emphasized that diversification of resistance sources, and more directed breeding for stem rust resistance, are needed as few SA wheat entries appear to have a broad-based resistance to stem rust.

Last Modified: 12/22/2014
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