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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: INTEGRATED MANAGEMENT OF LAND AND WATER RESOURCES FOR ENVIRONMENTAL AND ECONOMIC SUSTAINABILITY IN THE NORTHEAST U.S. Title: Corn Reflectance and Yield Response Spatial Variability along a Hillslope

Authors
item Schmidt, John
item Sripada, Ravi - CANAAN VALLEY INST.
item Beegle, Doug - PENN STATE UNIV
item Hong, Nan - MONSANTO CO

Submitted to: ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meeting Abstracts
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: March 28, 2008
Publication Date: October 5, 2008
Citation: Schmidt, J.P., Sripada, R., Beegle, D., Hong, N. 2008. Corn Reflectance and Yield Response Spatial Variability along a Hillslope[abstract]. ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meeting Abstracts. Paper No. 712-4.

Interpretive Summary: An interpretive summary is not required.

Technical Abstract: The success of site-specific N recommendations for corn (Zea mays L.) will depend on a better understanding of the causal impacts on the variability of economic optimum N rate (EONR). The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationships between crop reflectance at the six-leaf (V6) growth stage, soil water content during the growing season, and EONR for grain yield. In each of three years, 10 locations were selected along a 300-m toposequence (10-m relief) in central Pennsylvania. At each location, two reps of six N treatments were applied at planting. Soil water content (0-90 cm) was recorded weekly at each location between mid June and September. Ear leaf N content was determined in two years, and V6 leaf N content was determined in one year. Grain yield was determined at harvest each year. An EONR was determined for all 10 locations (each year) based on a quadratic-plateau response to N fertilizer. The EONR ranged from 47 to 188 kg N per ha in 2005, 147 to 280 kg N per ha in 2006, and 106 to 280 kg N per ha in 2007. We will present the results from this study and consider implications for variable rate N management for corn.

Last Modified: 12/20/2014
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