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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOURCE WATER QUALITY EFFECTS OF MANAGEMENT PRACTICES AND LAND USE ON POORLY DRAINED LAND

Location: Soil Drainage Research

Title: Comparing the Influence of Different Habitat Factors on Fish Communities in Channelized Headwater Streams in Indiana and Ohio

Authors
item Smiley, Peter
item Gillespie, Robert - INDIANA UNIVERSITY
item King, Kevin
item Huang, Chi Hua

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: April 25, 2008
Publication Date: May 15, 2008
Citation: Smiley, P.C., Gillespie, R.B., King, K.W., Huang, C. 2008. Comparing the Influence of Different Habitat Factors on Fish Communities in Channelized Headwater Streams in Indiana and Ohio. Meeting Abstract. Paper No. 79-4.

Technical Abstract: Conservation practices, such as herbaceous riparian buffers, pesticide management, and conservation tillage, are implemented to reduce nutrient, pesticide, and sediment loadings within agricultural streams. The impact of these practices is uncertain because previous studies have focused on evaluating the hydrological and chemical responses. Furthermore, the influence of water chemistry on stream communities is not well understood and creates further uncertainty regarding the impacts of conservation practices. Understanding the relative influence of different habitat factors on stream communities will assist with predicting the influence of conservation practices. We compared the influence of riparian habitat, instream habitat, and water chemistry on fish communities within channelized headwater streams in Cedar Creek, Indiana and the Upper Big Walnut Creek, Ohio. Our hypothesis is that physical habitat variables, such as riparian or instream habitat, will influence fish communities within channelized headwater streams more strongly than water chemistry. We measured riparian habitat, instream habitat, water chemistry, and fishes from July 2005 to November 2007. Multiple regression analyses indicated that fish community structure was more strongly correlated with instream habitat than riparian habitat or water chemistry. We also observed that 11 fish community metrics, such as species richness and abundance, were positively correlated with a habitat gradient of water depth, wet width, and percentage herbaceous vegetation within the water. Our results suggest that agricultural conservation practices that alter the instream habitat of channelized headwater streams will exhibit a greater impact on fish communities than practices that do not alter the instream habitat

Last Modified: 8/21/2014
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