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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: PEST BIOLOGY, ECOLOGY, AND INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT FOR SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE Title: Abundance of rice root aphid among selected plant species and on plants grown with different soil-surface media

Authors
item Hesler, Louis
item Kindler, Dean

Submitted to: Great Lakes Entomologist
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: April 28, 2008
Publication Date: June 26, 2008
Citation: Hesler, L.S., Kindler, D. 2007. Abundance of rice root aphid among selected plant species and on plants grown with different soil-surface media. Great Lakes Entomologist. 40(1-2), pp.83-90.

Interpretive Summary: The rice root aphid is distributed worldwide and colonizes a wide range of plants. However, relatively little is known about the suitability of different host plants, optimal rearing techniques, and the aphid’s impact on plant fitness. To improve understanding of these factors, laboratory experiments were conducted to determine the abundance of rice root aphid on plants grown using three different kinds of soil-surface amendments and among selected grassy and broadleafed plants. Rice root aphid was more abundant on plants grown with a sandy soil surface than a surface with fine wood chips or only bare non-sandy soil. Rice root aphid was more abundant on ‘Elbon’ rye than on ‘Bart 38,’ ‘Dart,’ ‘Fletcher’ and ‘Ramona 50’ wheat. More winged rice root aphids were produced on Elbon rye than on Dart wheat, but the number of winged aphids on Elbon rye did not differ from that on other wheat lines. Rice root aphid was more abundant on Elbon rye and ‘TAM 110’ wheat than on ‘Marmin,’ ‘Marshall’ and ‘Sharp’ wheat. Additional observations with grassy plants showed that abundance of rice root aphid on ‘Kivu 85’ triticale, a type of wheat x rye cross, was comparable to that on Elbon rye. Rice root aphid did not reproduce on potato or soybean plants, although winged adults persisted up to 24 days on caged potato plants. The implications of differential abundance of rice root aphid on plants are discussed in regard to colony rearing, future experiments and possible pest management considerations.

Technical Abstract: The rice root aphid, Rhopalosiphum rufiabdominalis (Sasaki), is distributed worldwide and colonizes a wide range of plants. However, relatively little is known about the suitability of different host plants, optimal rearing techniques, and the aphid’s impact on plant fitness. To improve understanding of these factors, laboratory experiments were conducted to determine the abundance of rice root aphid on plants grown using three different soil-surface media and among selected monocotyledonous and dicotyledonous plants. Rice root aphid was more abundant on plants grown with a sandy soil surface than a surface with fine wood chips or only bare non-sandy soil. Rice root aphid was more abundant on ‘Elbon’ rye than on ‘Bart 38,’ ‘Dart,’ ‘Fletcher’ and ‘Ramona 50’ wheat. More winged rice root aphids were produced on Elbon rye than on Dart wheat, but the number of winged aphids on Elbon rye did not differ from that on other wheat lines. Rice root aphid was more abundant on Elbon rye and ‘TAM 110’ wheat than on ‘Marmin,’ ‘Marshall’ and ‘Sharp’ wheat. Additional observations with monocotyledonous plants showed that abundance of rice root aphid on ‘Kivu 85’ triticale was comparable to that on Elbon rye. Rice root aphid did not reproduce on potato or soybean, although winged adults persisted up to 24 days on caged potato plants. The implications of differential abundance of rice root aphid on plants are discussed in regard to colony rearing, future experiments and possible pest management considerations.

Last Modified: 10/22/2014
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