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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: INDUSTRIALLY ROBUST ENZYMES AND MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCTION OF SUGARS AND ETHANOL FROM AGRICULTURAL BIOMASS Title: Beta-D-xylosidase from Selenomonas ruminantium: catalyzed reactions with natural substrates

Authors
item Jordan, Douglas
item Braker, Jay

Submitted to: Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals Symposium Proceedings
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: May 7, 2008
Publication Date: N/A

Technical Abstract: Beta-D-xylosidase from Selenomonas ruminantium is the best catalyst known for promoting hydrolysis of 1,4-beta-D-xylooligosaccharides and it has potential utility in industrial saccharification processes. Kinetic parameters, kcat and kcat/Km, are greater than 10-fold larger than those reported for the enzyme isolated from other organisms. In cleaving 1,4 glycosidic bonds, the family 43 glycoside hydrolase acts through an inversion mechanism and cleaves a single xylose residue from the nonreducing end of xylooligosaccharides per catalytic cycle without processivity. Three-dimensional structures of homologous GH43 xylosidases indicate that the enzyme active site has only two subsites for recognition of substrate, the two terminal xylosyl residues that share the scissile glycosidic bond. In addition to its xylosidase activity, the enzyme efficiently catalyzes hydrolysis of 4-nitrophenyl-alpha-L-arabinofuranoside. Interestingly, 1,4-beta-D-xylobiose is a better substrate than 4-nitrophenyl-beta-D-xylopyranoside, indicating that subsite +1 offers considerably more transition state stabilization to the natural substrate than to the artificial substrate. Reactions with xylan and arabinoxylan substrates were characterized.

Last Modified: 7/25/2014
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