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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: CONTROL OF ARTHROPOD PESTS OF PECAN AND PEACH

Location: Fruit and Nut Research

Title: Differential susceptibility of lady beetles to Beauveria bassiana

Authors
item Cottrell, Ted
item Shapiro Ilan, David

Submitted to: Ecology of Aphidophaga
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: April 6, 2007
Publication Date: September 4, 2007
Citation: Cottrell, T.E., Shapiro Ilan, D.I. 2007. Differential susceptibility of lady beetles to Beauveria bassiana [abstract). In: Abstracts of Ecology of Aphidophaga Conference, September 4-11, 2007, Athens, Greece. p. O37.

Interpretive Summary: Little is known regarding differential susceptibility of lady beetles species to entomopathogens, and how these entomopathogens affect lady beetle populations in the field. Previously, we found that a native North American lady beetle species, Olla v-nigrum, was commonly infected by Beauveria bassiana in the field. In laboratory assays, O. v-nigrum was susceptible to B. bassiana recovered from naturally-infected O. v-nigrum whereas, an exotic lady beetle, Harmonia axyridis was not. We hypothesize that a relative lack of susceptibility by H. axyridis to entomopathogens has facilitated the establishment of this exotic species across North America. Here we have tested the susceptibility of four North American lady beetle species (Coleomegilla maculata, Hippodamia convergens, Cycloneda munda and O. v-nigrum), to the commercially-available GHA strain of B. bassiana and B. bassiana collected from naturally-infected O. v-nigrum. Our results showed differential susceptibility of lady beetle species to B. bassiana. Mortality of C. munda and O. v-nigrum treated with B. bassiana isolated from O. v-nigrum was significantly higher than mortality of those beetles treated with the GHA strain of B. bassiana and control mortality. In contrast, no difference in mortality of C. maculata or H. convergens was detected between treatments.

Technical Abstract: Little is known regarding differential susceptibility of lady beetles species to entomopathogens, and how these entomopathogens affect lady beetle populations in the field. Previously, we found that a native North American lady beetle species, Olla v-nigrum, was commonly infected by Beauveria bassiana in the field. In laboratory assays, O. v-nigrum was susceptible to B. bassiana recovered from naturally-infected O. v-nigrum whereas, an exotic lady beetle, Harmonia axyridis was not. We hypothesize that a relative lack of susceptibility by H. axyridis to entomopathogens has facilitated the establishment of this exotic species across North America. Here we have tested the susceptibility of four North American lady beetle species (Coleomegilla maculata, Hippodamia convergens, Cycloneda munda and O. v-nigrum), to the commercially-available GHA strain of B. bassiana and B. bassiana collected from naturally-infected O. v-nigrum. Our results showed differential susceptibility of lady beetle species to B. bassiana. Mortality of C. munda and O. v-nigrum treated with B. bassiana isolated from O. v-nigrum was significantly higher than mortality of those beetles treated with the GHA strain of B. bassiana and control mortality. In contrast, no difference in mortality of C. maculata or H. convergens was detected between treatments.

Last Modified: 8/22/2014
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