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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: New Functionalities of PA6,6 Fabric Modified by Atmospheric Pressure Plasma and Grafted Glycidyl Methacrylate Derivatives

Authors
item Gawish, S. - NATIONAL RESEARCH CENTER
item Ramadan, A. - NATIONAL RESEARCH CENTER
item Cornelius, Carrie - NC STATE UNIVERSITY
item Bourham, Mohamed - NC STATE UNIVERSITY
item Matthews, S. - NC STATE UNIVERSITY
item Mccord, Marian - NC STATE UNIVERSITY
item Wafa, Doria - NC STATE UNIVERSITY
item Breidt, Frederick

Submitted to: Textile Research Journal
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: June 1, 2007
Publication Date: August 1, 2007
Citation: Gawish, S.M., Ramadan, A.M., Cornelius, C.E., Bourham, M.A., Matthews, S.R., Mccord, M.G., Wafa, D.M., Breidt, F. 2007. New Functionalities of PA6,6 Fabric Modified by Atmospheric Pressure Plasma and Grafted Glycidyl Methacrylate Derivatives. Textile Research Journal 77(2):92-104.

Interpretive Summary: This research is was conducted to determine how an electron plasma can be used to link antimicrobial and insect repellent compounds can be linked to fabrics. The research was a multidisciplinary effort, conducted by nuclear physicists, entomologists, and microbiologists. The compounds tested proved to be effective in repelling insects and were inhibitory to bacteria as well. The research may have broad application for producing multifunctional fabrics.

Technical Abstract: Oxidative atmospheric pressure plasma was utilized to activate surface of PA 6,6 fabrics followed by graft copolymerization of glycidyl methacrylate (GMA) and further reacted with triethylene tetramine (TETA), quaternary ammonium chitosan (HTCC) or cyclodextrin (CD). The inner CD cavity was complexed with some insecticidal perfumes. Modified PA6,6 fabrics were analyzed by differential scanning calorimetry, thermogravimetric analysis, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy. Antimicrobial activity and insect repelling assay were conducted and showed efficient antimicrobial and insect repelling properties.

Last Modified: 11/26/2014
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