Submitted to: International Society for Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: June 1, 2006
Publication Date: July 16, 2006
Citation: Nicklas, T. 2006. Dietary guidelines and nutrients of concern: Rationale for 3 Servings of dairy [abstract]. Fifth Annual Conference of the International Society for Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, July 13-16, 2006, Boston, Massachusetts. p. 112. Technical Abstract: A basic premise of the Dietary Guidelines is that food guidance should recommend diets that will provide all the nutrients needed for growth and health. Based on dietary intake data or evidence of public health problems, intake levels of the following nutrients may be of concern for: Adults: calcium, potassium, fiber, magnesium, and vitamins A (as carotenoids), C, and E. Children and adolescents: calcium, potassium, fiber, magnesium, and vitamin E. Fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and milk products are all important to a healthful diet and can be good sources of the nutrients of concern. Milk product consumption has been associated with overall diet quality and adequacy of intake of many nutrients. The intake of milk products is especially important to bone health during childhood and adolescence. New solutions are needed to achieve the behavior change from current intakes to those recommended in the 2005 Dietary Guidelines of 3 servings a day of fat-free or low-fat milk and milk products. Studies suggest that including optimal intakes of calcium-rich dairy foods in the daily diet improves the nutritional quality of the diet and helps to reduce the risk of many chronic diseases/disorders, resulting in substantial healthcare cost savings. Foods naturally rich in calcium, such as dairy products, are the preferred source of calcium. There is increasing support among government and health professional organizations to recommend 3 servings of dairy foods a day to meet calcium and other nutrient needs. To build and maintain healthy bones throughout life and prevent osteoporosis, health professionals need to recommend a nutritionally balanced diet with adequate calcium and vitamin D, regular weight bearing exercise, and a healthy lifestyle with no smoking and limited alcohol intake.