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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Genetic evidence for differences in the pathways of druse and prismatic calcium oxalate crystal formation in Medicago truncatula

Authors
item Nakata, Paul
item Mcconn, Michele - BAYLOR COLLEGE MED

Submitted to: Plant Biology
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: March 1, 2007
Publication Date: May 1, 2007
Citation: Nakata, P.A., McConn, M. 2007. Genetic evidence for differences in the pathways of druse and prismatic calcium oxalate crystal formation in Medicago truncatula [abstract]. Plant Biology. Abstract No. P19023.

Technical Abstract: Current evidence supports a single pathway of oxalate biosynthesis utilising ascorbic acid as the precursor. In this study, we begin to address the possibility that more than one pathway of oxalate biosynthesis and calcium oxalate formation occurs in Medicago truncatula Gaertn. (cv. Jemalong genotype A17). Like wildtype, developing leaves of the calcium oxalate defective (cod) 4 mutant contains prismatic crystal along the vascular strand, but this mutant also hyper-accumulates druse crystals within the mesophyll cells. A second mutant, cod5, fails to accumulate prismatic crystals along the vascular strand, but is capable of wildtype druse crystal accumulation in maturing leaves. To assess whether a single pathway of oxalate biosynthesis and calcium oxalate formation occurs in M. truncatula we generated and characterised the cod4/cod5 double mutant. Microscopic examination of the cod4/cod5 revealed that the double mutant exhibits both cod4 and cod5 mutant crystal phenotypes simultaneously suggesting there are differences in the pathways leading to the two crystal types. Measured ascorbic acid levels and ascorbate induction studies were consistent with the acid as precursor to oxalate in druse crystal formation but not necessarily prismatic crystal formation. Based on these findings, we propose a working model depicting possible pathways of oxalate biosynthesis and calcium oxalate formation.

Last Modified: 9/1/2014
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