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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: DEVELOPING NOVEL PROCESSES FOR INCORPORATING THE UNIQUE NUTRITIONAL AMD FUNCTIONAL PROPERTIES OF RICE INTO VALUE-ADDED PRODUCTS Title: Physicochemical, thermal, and pasting properties of starches separated from different potato cultivars grown at different locations.

Authors
item Kaur, Amritpal - GURU NANAK DEV UNIV.
item Singh, Narpinder - GURU NANAK DEV UNIV.
item Ezekiel, Rajrathnam - GURU NANAK DEV UNIV.
item Guraya, Harmeet

Submitted to: Journal of Food Chemistry
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: January 3, 2006
Publication Date: November 22, 2006
Citation: Kaur, A., Singh, N., Ezekiel, R., Guraya, H.S. 2006. Physicochemical, thermal, and pasting properties of starches separated from different potato cultivars grown at different locations. Journal of Food Chemistry. 101:643-651.

Technical Abstract: The starch separated from 21 different Indian potato cultivars from four locations was evaluated for physicochemical, thermal, and pasting properties. The relationships between the different properties of starches were determined using Pearson’s correlation analysis. Amylose content was positively correlated to hot paste viscosity (r=0.460, P<0.05) and negatively correlated to transmittance measured after storage of 0, 24 and 72 h (r = 0.509, -0.480, -0.453, P<0.05). Hot paste viscosity showed significant positive correlation with cold paste viscosity, pasting temperature, Tp and Tc (r=0.985, 0.607, 0.654, 0.628, P<0.005) and negative correlation with transmittance measured after 0, 24 and 72 h (r = -0.539, -0.570, -0.451, P <0.05). Breakdown viscosity showed highly negative correlation with pasting time (r = -0.766, P <0.005) and positive correlation with transmittance measured after 0, 24 and 72 h (r = 0.533, 0.558, 0.570, P < 0.05). Pasting temperature showed highly positive correlation with transition temperatures To, Tp, Tc (r = 0.740, 0.846, 0.734, P < 0.005) and negative correlation with transmittance measured after 0, 24 and 72 h (r= -0.418, -0.468, -0.476, P <0.05). To showed the highest positive correlation with Tp and Tc (r = 0.924, 0.755, P < 0.005). The results revealed that temperature during tuber growth affects granule size, pasting temperature, and transition temperature. Lower temperature prevailed during tubers growth resulting into starch with higher granule size, and lower pasting and transition temperatures.

Last Modified: 12/18/2014
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