INNOVATIVE ANIMAL MANURE TREATMENT TECHNOLOGIES FOR ENHANCED ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY
Location: Coastal Plain Soil, Water and Plant Conservation Research
Title: Characterization of bacterial populations capable of nitrification at cold temperatures and high ammonia levels
Submitted to: ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meeting Abstracts
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: September 15, 2007
Publication Date: November 4, 2007
Citation: Ducey, T.F., Szogi, A.A., Vanotti, M.B., Hunt, P.G. 2007. Characterization of bacterial populations capable of nitrification at cold temperatures and high ammonia levels [abstract]. American Society of Agronomy Annual Meeting, November 2-8, 2007, New Orleans, Louisiana. 2007 CDROM.
With the growth of large-scale, confined, commercial animal systems in the United States, management of the ensuing livestock waste has become a major source of environmental concern. For the swine industry, this waste is typically treated in large anaerobic lagoons. However, high levels of ammonia (NH3) may escape into the atmosphere by volatilization. Its subsequent deposition across the surrounding landscape can be a significant source of nitrogen non-point pollution in these areas. Biological removal of ammonia via nitrification is therefore a critical and often rate-limiting step in the removal of nitrogen as N2 through biological nitrification/denitrification systems. The discovery of bacterial populations capable of efficiently nitrifying high levels of ammonia at cold temperature represents a tremendous benefit to on-farm wastewater treatment systems. This study describes the identification and characterization of such bacterial populations.