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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Low trans spread and shortening oils via hydrogenation of soybean oil

Authors
item List, Gary
item Jackson, Michael
item Eller, Fred
item Adlof, Richard

Submitted to: Annual Meeting and Expo of the American Oil Chemists' Society
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: May 16, 2007
Publication Date: May 16, 2007
Citation: List, G.R., Jackson, M.A., Eller, F.J., Adlof, R.O. 2007. Low trans spread and shortening oils via hydrogenation of soybean oil [abstract]. American Oil Chemists' Society. p. 11.

Technical Abstract: Soybean oil and cottonseed oil were hydrogenated under selective conditions to yield oils with low iodine values, lowered trans fatty acids and increased stearic acid contents. Oils hydrogenated at 175 deg C, 15 psi hydrogen in the presence of nickel catalyst showed a maximum content of trans fatty acids (46%) at an iodine value of about 70, that, upon reduction to an IV of about 40, showed trans fatty acids content in the 28-32% range with stearic acid contents of 42-46%. Solid fat by NMR and Mettler dropping point measurements show that oils in the 40-42 IV range have physical properties much like hard structural fats obtained by fractionation of palm or palm kernel oils. The hydrogenated oils show high solids at 10-55 deg C with melting points of about 55 deg C. Blends of 10-25% of IV 40 oil with 75-90% liquid soybean oil show solid fat contents and melting points suitable for soft spreads or all-purpose shortenings with trans content of about 2% and 8%, respectively.

Last Modified: 10/1/2014
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