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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Evaluation of physiological differences in heat tolerant (Romosinuano) and heat susceptible (Angus) Bos taurus cattle during controlled heat challenge

Authors
item Scharf, B - UNIV OF MISSOURI COLUMBIA
item Wax, Laura - UNIV OF MISSOURI COLUMBIA
item Carroll, Jeffery
item Chase, Chadwick
item Coleman, Samuel
item Keisler, Duane - UNIV OF MISSOURI COLUMBIA
item Spiers, Don - UNIV OF MISSOURI COLUMBIA

Submitted to: Journal of Animal Science
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: July 11, 2007
Publication Date: July 11, 2007
Citation: Scharf, B., Wax, L., Carroll, J.A., Chase, C.C., Coleman, S.W., Keisler, D., Spiers, D. 2007. Evaluation of physiological differences in heat tolerant (Romosinuano) and heat susceptible (Angus) Bos taurus cattle during controlled heat challenge [abstract]. Journal of Animal Science. 85(Suppl. 1):466-467.

Technical Abstract: A study was performed to evaluate differences in thermoregulatory ability of two Bos taurus breeds with known differences in heat tolerance. Nine Angus (304 ± 7 Kg BW; AG) and nine Romosinuano steers (285 ± 7.5 Kg BW; RO) were housed in the Brody Environmental Center at the University of Missouri. Steers were housed for 14 d at thermoneutrality (Ta = 21 deg C; TN) before initiation of heat stress. Heat stress (HS) consisted of daily cyclic Ta (26 deg C night Ta:36 deg C day Ta) for 14 d. Steers were fed a typical feedlot diet at 1.6% of BW/d. Rectal temperature was measured with respiration rate six times daily. Sweat rates were recorded on specific days throughout the study on shaved shoulder and rump sites. Respiration rate at TN was higher (P < 0.001) in AG than RO, by approx 20 BPM. There was a breed x time interaction (P < 0.001) at TN with the AG slowly adapting over time, and no reduction in RO. Angus steers also maintained rectal temperature 0.5 deg C higher than RO at TN (P < 0.0001). Sweat rates were slightly different at TN (P < 0.04). Both breeds initially increased sweat rate more than 4-fold during HS, followed by reduction after 3 d. Higher sweat rate was maintained in AG even after HS adaptation period (P < 0.0001). Both breeds increased respiration rate during HS, with AG steers exhibiting the higher rate (P < 0.0001), followed by a slight increase after 7 d (P < 0.03). Rectal temperature increased during HS for both breeds (P < 0.003), but with a higher level in the AG breed (P < 0.001). Romosinuano steers exhibit a lower level of heat loss than Angus steers during heat stress, while maintaining a lower core temperature. This suggests that lower metabolic heat production between these breeds is a key determinant of heat tolerance.

Last Modified: 12/21/2014
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