Page Banner

United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: MOLECULAR BIOLOGY AND GENOMICS OF FOODBORNE PATHOGENS Title: Hplc Analysis of Catechins, Theraflavins, and Alkaloids in Commercial Teas and Green Tea Dietary Supplements: Comararison of Water and 80% Ethanol/water Extracts

Authors
item Friedman, Mendel
item Levin, Carol
item Choi, Suk-Hyun - UIDAK UNIV. KOREA
item Kozukue, Etsuko - UIDAK UNIV. KOREA
item Kozukue, Nobuyuki - UIDAK UNIV. KOREA

Submitted to: Journal of Food Science
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: April 29, 2006
Publication Date: July 1, 2006
Citation: Friedman, M., Levin, C.E., Choi, S., Kozukue, E., Kozukue, N. 2006. Hplc analysis of catechins, theraflavins, and alkaloids in commercial teas and green tea dietary supplements: comararison of water and 80% ethanol/water extracts. Journal of Food Science. 71(6):C328-C337

Interpretive Summary: To help meet the needs of consumers, producers of dietary tea supplements, and researchers for information on health-promoting tea compounds, we compared the following conditions for the extraction of tea leaves and green tea-containing dietary supplements: 80% ethanol/water at 60 'C for 15 min and boiled water for 5 min. The following 7 catechins, 4 theaflavins, and 3 alkaloidswere separated in a 70-min single HPLC analysis: (')- epigallocatechin, (')-catechin, (+)-epicatechin, (')-epigallocatechin-3-gallate, (')–gallocatechin-3-gallate, (')-epicatechin-3-gallate, (')-catechin-3-gallate, theaflavin, theaflavin-3-gallate, theaflavin-3_-gallate, theaflavin-3,3_-digallate, caffeine, theobromine, and theophylline. The following ranges of concentrations of flavonoids (catechins plus theaflavins) in the tea leaves extracted with 80% ethanol were observed (in mg/g): in 32 black teas, 19.8 to 115.1; in 24 green teas, 12.3 to 136.3; in 14 specialty teas, 4.9 to 118.5; in 7 herbal teas, 0 to 46.0. Total alkaloids in all teas ranged from0 to 32.6 mg/g. significantly greater amounts of flavonoids were extracted from the tea leaves with aqueous ethanol than with boiled water. Levels of tea catechins in 10 capsules sold as dietary supplements were about 50 to 75% lower than the amounts listed on the labels. Catechin content of 4 commercial green tea extracts ranged from 96 to 696 mg/g. The results make it possible to maximize the extraction of tea compounds to better relate the flavonoid and alkaloid content of teas and dietary tea supplements to their health-promoting effects.

Technical Abstract: To help meet the needs of consumers, producers of dietary tea supplements, and researchers for information on health-promoting tea compounds, we compared the following conditions for the extraction of tea leaves and green tea-containing dietary supplements: 80% ethanol/water at 60 'C for 15 min and boiled water for 5 min. The following 7 catechins, 4 theaflavins, and 3 alkaloidswere separated in a 70-min single HPLC analysis: (')- epigallocatechin, (')-catechin, (+)-epicatechin, (')-epigallocatechin-3-gallate, (')–gallocatechin-3-gallate, (')-epicatechin-3-gallate, (')-catechin-3-gallate, theaflavin, theaflavin-3-gallate, theaflavin-3_-gallate, theaflavin-3,3_-digallate, caffeine, theobromine, and theophylline. The following ranges of concentrations of flavonoids (catechins plus theaflavins) in the tea leaves extracted with 80% ethanol were observed (in mg/g): in 32 black teas, 19.8 to 115.1; in 24 green teas, 12.3 to 136.3; in 14 specialty teas, 4.9 to 118.5; in 7 herbal teas, 0 to 46.0. Total alkaloids in all teas ranged from0 to 32.6 mg/g. significantly greater amounts of flavonoids were extracted from the tea leaves with aqueous ethanol than with boiled water. Levels of tea catechins in 10 capsules sold as dietary supplements were about 50 to 75% lower than the amounts listed on the labels. Catechin content of 4 commercial green tea extracts ranged from 96 to 696 mg/g. The results make it possible to maximize the extraction of tea compounds to better relate the flavonoid and alkaloid content of teas and dietary tea supplements to their health-promoting effects.

Last Modified: 12/25/2014
Footer Content Back to Top of Page