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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Temperature Quotients of Ammonia Emission for Different Nitrogen Sources Applied to Four Agricultural Soils

Authors
item Liu, Guodong - UNIV. OF FLORIDA / TREC
item Li, Yuncong - UNIV. OF FLORIDA / TREC
item Alva, Ashok

Submitted to: American Society of Agronomy Meetings
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: November 10, 2006
Publication Date: November 10, 2006
Citation: Liu, G., Li, Y., Alva, A.K. 2006. Temperature Quotients of Ammonia Emission for Different Nitrogen Sources Applied to Four Agricultural Soils. American Society of Agronomy Meetings.

Technical Abstract: Temperature is an important factor influencing ammonia (NH3) emission from nitrogen (N) sources containing ammonium (NH4+) or other N sources transformed into NH4+ form applied to soils. This research was conducted using Biscayne Marl Soil (BMS), Krome Gravelly Loam (KGL) soils from Florida, Quincy Fine Sand (QFS), and Warden Silt Loam (WSL) soils from Washington. Each of the soils was amended with either potassium nitrate, ammonium nitrate (AN), ammonium sulfate (AS) or urea incubated at 11, 20 or 29 degree C under 20% and 80% field capacity (FC)soil water regimes. A change in the rate of NH3 emission corresponding to 9 degree C changes in temperature is expressed as the temperature quotient (Q9). The results showed that the maximum-cumulative NH3 emission (CAE) was 19.3 kg/ha N from the KGL soil. The CAE from the Florida soils was up to 20 fold greater than that of the Washington soils. The Q9 values from the WSL soil was up to 10 fold greater than those from the other three soils with AS and AN at the 20 to 29 degree C temperature range and either 20% or 80% FC.

Last Modified: 9/10/2014
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